Key activities in the Water Pollution Control Branch include the issuance of permits to build, erect, alter, replace, operate, use or maintain existing point sources of water pollution. The majority of our permits are for the discharge of treated wastewater from domestic and industrial facilities. We also issue permits for land application of wastes from domestic, industrial and agricultural facilities. Our permits usually specify requirements for regular sampling of wastewater at the discharge points. In the case of land application, the permit specifies the methods by which wastes are handled and disposed. Permits also specify water quality standards for any discharges.
Most of these permits are written to be site-specific to reflect the unique nature of the wastewater or the receiving water. These permits usually have a five-year cycle. As a permit expires, it is re-drafted, modified if needed, then placed on public notice for 30 days to seek comments. When the 30-day notice period expires, comments are reviewed and the permit is issued with needed changes or modified and re-noticed to resolve any concerns.
General Permits (as opposed to site-specific permits) are issued to multiple locations where activities are similar enough to be covered by a single set of requirements. For wastewater discharges, these permits are identified by the prefix MO-G, which appear in the permit numbers. The conditions in master general permit template are placed on 30-day public notice for comments prior to being issued to applicants. After finalization, a general permit cannot be modified. All facilities receiving a general permit must adhere to the conditions contained in the general permit until it expires or until the facility obtains a site-specific permit. General permits for airports, limestone and rock quarries, lubricant manufacturing, and petroleum storage greater than 50,000 gallons are required to be placed on public notice prior to issuance to a new facility.
Proposed and Issued Permits
The department will also be reissuing the following Master General Permits. If you have any questions regarding these renewals, please contact department permitting staff by telephone at 573-751-1300, by email at email@example.com, or by mail at Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Water Protection Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.
Other Permit Information
Section 644.058 of the Missouri Revised Statutes requires an evaluation of environmental and economic impacts be made when criteria are revised more than 25%.
- National Pollutant Discharge Elimination System (NPDES) Electronic Reporting Rule
- Wastewater Management for Medical Marijuana Facilities
- Wastewater and Stormwater Permits Manual
- Wastewater Construction Permits and Engineering
- No Discharge Wastewater Treatment
- Water Quality Standards
- Underground Injection Control
- On-site Septic Systems and Subdivisions
- Sanitary Sewer Overflows
- Clean Water Compliance Assistance and Enforcement
- De Minimis Wastewater Permit Exemption, PUB2995
- Capacity, Management, Operations and Maintenance Plan Model Guidance - PUB2574
- Capacity, Management, Operations and Maintenance Plan Editable Template
- Missouri Gateway for Environmental Management (MoGEM)
Master General Permits
|Permit||Effective Date||Expiration Date||Additional Files||Description|
|MOG010000 MOG01 - Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO)||
SIC #0211, 0212, 0213, 0214, 0241, 0251, 0252, 0253, 0254, 0259 or 0272
Process wastes are collected and reused as fertilizer by spreading onto agricultural fields at agricultural rates. There is no-discharge except during storms exceeding the design storm event.
|MOG050000 MOG05 - Abandoned Mine Land Reclamation > 5 Acres||
SIC #9512 - Land, Mineral, Wildlife and Forest Conservation
Land reclamation projects involving land disturbance and projects consisting solely of pond and shaft dewatering under control of the department's Land Reclamation Program.
SIC #1629 - Heavy construction, Not Elsewhere Classified
Surface discharges from these reclamation projects will result from rainfall runoff/ impoundment discharges and shaft pumping. Sediment will be controlled during construction with filter fabric, check dams, sediment ponds, straw bales or other Best Management Practices, which will minimize sediment loss.
These projects may also involve stockpiling biosolids for reclamation use. Best Management Practices will be employed at these sites.
|MOG130000 MOG13 - Fish Farms/ Hatcheries||
SIC #0273 and 0921
Flow-through Concentrated Aquatic Animal Production Facilities
|MOG140000 MOG14 - Oil/ Water Separators||
This permit authorizes the discharge from oil/ water separators and similar waste water treatment devices whose sole function is the treatment of stormwater or water without detergents or additives used to rinse or wash down pavements. This permit applies to establishments such as vehicle repair shops, transformer stations and pipeline compressor stations.
This permit does not apply to establishments that are required to apply for a permit under the stormwater regulations, found in 10 CSR 20-6.200. The permit does not apply to the discharges of wastewater treatment devices for the treatment of vehicle or equipment wash waters.
|MOG251000 MOG251 - Heat Pumps||
SIC #3585, 5084, 1711 and 4961
Discharge from non-recirculating heat pumps, to surface water only.
|MOG350000 MOG35 - Petroleum Storage < 250,000 Gallons||
Stormwater discharges from facilities with above ground storage capacity of pre-consumer or post-consumer petroleum products, ethanol or biodiesel totaling more than 20,000 gallons, but less than 250,000 gallons.
|MOG490000 MOG49 - Limestone Quarries||
SIC #1411, 1422,1429, 1446 and SIC Major Group Codes 29 and 32
Stormwater and other specified discharges from limestone and other rock quarries, concrete, glass and asphalt industries.
|MOG500000 MOG50 - Sand and Gravel Washing||
SIC #1442 and 1446
Discharge of wash water and stormwater from sand and/ or gravel operations.
|MOG640000 MOG64 - Water Treatment Plant Settling Basins||
Water treatment plant filter backwash water and solids and allows operation of no-discharge sludge holding systems. Land application of water treatment plant sludge.
|MOG641000 MOG641 - Zeolite Softeners||
Discharges of backwash water from water softening units. Zeolite filter backwash discharges.
|MOG670000 MOG67 - Hydrostatic Testing of Pipelines and Storage Tanks||
SIC #1321, 1922, 4613, 4923 and 4924
Hydrostatic testing of petroleum-related oil and gas pipelines and storage tanks.
|MOG69000 MOG69 - Dredging Lakes/ River Harbors|
|MOG698000 MOG698 - Dredging on the Missouri and Mississippi River||
Discharge of wash water, stormwater and return water from aggregate dredging operations on the Missouri and Mississippi Rivers.
|MOG750000 MOG75 - Car Wash||
Vehicle wash wastewater treatment systems for design flows of 50,000 gallons per day or less. This includes no-discharge land application systems. Provides for 500 gallons per day de minimis exemption under certain conditions.
|MOG760000 MOG76 - Swimming Pools Discharges||
SIC #5999, 7000, 7010, 7030, 7032, 7996, 7997, 7999
Discharge of filter backwash and pool drainage from swimming pools and lined ponds which use chlorine as a sanitizer.
|MOG821000 MOG821 - Land Application of Domestic Wastewater Biosolids||
Land application of domestic septage onto agricultural land for beneficial use as fertilizer and soil amendment for total volume up to 1,000,000 gallons per year that are land applied according to an approved Land Application Management Plan that conforms to the Best Management Practices and other requirements contained in the general permit. Lime stabilization is required prior to land application and application rates shall not exceed 10,000 gallons per acre per year.
|MOG822000 MOG822 - Land Application of Food Processing Wastewater||
Sic #2011-2099 and 5812 - No-Discharge Facility
Land Application of wastes from light commercial Food Products Industry Major Group 20 (SIC Codes 2011-2099) and restaurant grease traps (SIC Code 5812) onto agricultural land for use as fertilizer and soil amendment where dry weather design wastewater flows are 10,000 gallons per day or less and are land applied according to an approved Land Application Management Plan that conforms to the Best Management Practices and other requirements contained in the general permit.
|MOG823000 MOG823 - Land Application of Domestic Wastewater||
SIC #4952,6515, 8641
No-discharge, private, domestic wastewater treatment facilities with design flows of less than 50,000 gallons per day.
|MOG840000 MOG84 - Clay Pits||
SIC #1455 and 1459
Discharge of stormwater, snowmelt and infiltration water from a clay pit or mine.
|MOG870000 MOG87 - Pesticide Applications||
SIC #0851, 4959 and 8999 (including, but not limited to)
Point source discharges of pesticides to waters of the state for the specific pesticide use patterns as defined in this permit. The permit requires that applicators implement site specific control practices and other pest management strategies that are designed to minimize discharges of pesticides to waters of the State.
|MOG920000 MOG92 - Feedstock Compost Sites||
Mixed feedstock composting operations under 20 acres. The operation is to be designed and operated as a no-discharge facility.
|MOG940000 MOG94 - Fuel Spill Cleanup|
|MOG970000 MOG97 - Yard Waste Compost Sites||
Stormwater runoff. Flow is dependent upon precipitation. Yard waste composting operations under 20 acres.
|MOGC00000 MOGC - Sewer Extension Construction||
Construction of such proposed facilities shall be in accordance with the provisions of the Missouri Clean Water Law, Chapter 644, RSMo, and regulation promulgated thereunder, or this permit may be revoked by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.
As the department does not examine structural features of design or the efficiency of mechanical equipment, the issuance of this permit does not include approval of these features.
|MOGD00000 MOGD - Non-Publically Owned Treatment Works (POTW) Discharging ≤ 50,000 Gallons Per Day|
|MOGS10000 MOGS1 - State No-Discharge Concentrated Animal Feeding Operation (CAFO)||
SIC #0211, 0212, 0213, 0214, 0241, 0251, 0252, 0253, 0254, 0259 or 0272
Process wastes are collected and managed as fertilizer by spreading onto agricultural fields at agricultural rates according to this permit.
|MOGSE0000 MOGSE - Sewer Extension Construction||
This permit authorizes the construction of gravity sewer extensions, force mains, and lift stations. Non-earthen flow equalization storage basins at lift stations and inline storage, which flows back into the lift station or collection system, are also included.
Standard Conditions for Permits
These minimum conditions apply to all permits where incorporated by reference unless superseded by requirements specific in the permit.
Standard Condition Part I
This document of standard conditions incorporate permit conditions as required by 40 CFR 122.41 or applicable state statues or regulations. These minimum conditions include sampling, monitoring, and recording; reporting requirements; bypass and upset requirements; and administrative requirements.
- Standard Condition Part I - Effective August 1, 2014
- Standard Condition Part I - Effective Nov. 1, 2013
- Standard Condition Part I - Effective Oct. 1, 1980
Standard Condition Part II
This document of standard conditions notes conditions for publicly owned treatment works specific to industrial users, including definitions, identification of industrial discharges, application information and notice to the department.
Standard Condition Part III
This document of standard conditions outline specific requirements for biosolids and sludge from domestic treatment facilities. This part includes general requirements, definitions, mechanical wastewater treatment facilities, biosolids or sludge disposed at other treatment facility or by contract hauler, incineration of sludge, surface disposal sites and biosolids and sludge lagoons, land application of biosolids, septage, closure requirements, monitoring frequency and record-keeping and reporting requirements.
Voluntary Early Nutrient Monitoring Program for Point Sources According to the Nutrient Loss Reduction Strategy:
Pursuant to Section 644.145, RSMo, when issuing permits under this chapter that incorporate a new requirement for discharges from publicly owned combined or separate sanitary or storm sewer systems or publicly owned treatment works, or when enforcing provisions of this chapter or the Federal Water Pollution Control Act, 33 U.S.C. 1251 et seq., pertaining to any portion of a publicly owned combined or separate sanitary or storm sewer system or [publicly owned] treatment works, the Department of Natural Resources shall make a “finding of affordability” on the costs to be incurred and the impact of any rate changes on ratepayers upon which to base such permits and decisions, to the extent allowable under this chapter and the Federal Water Pollution Control Act.
Tools Used by the Department to Determine Affordability
Cost Analysis for Compliance (CAFCom)
The Cost Analysis for Compliance (CAFCom) was developed by the department to meet the requirements of 644.145 RSMo. The CAFCom estimates the potential cost for publicly-owned treatment works to comply with new requirements in a permit. The results of the CAFCom are used to determine an adequate compliance schedule for the permit that may mitigate the financial burden of new permit requirements. The department must consider eight criteria presented in subsection 644.145 RSMo to evaluate the cost associated with new permit requirements.
The eight criteria are as follows:
- A community's financial capability and ability to raise or secure necessary funding.
- Affordability of pollution control options for the individuals or households at or below the median household income level of the community.
- An evaluation of the overall costs and environmental benefits of the control technologies.
- Inclusion of ongoing costs of operating and maintaining the existing wastewater collection and treatment system, including payments on outstanding debts for wastewater collection and treatment systems when calculating projected rates.
- An inclusion of ways to reduce economic impacts on distressed populations in the community, including but not limited to low- and fixed-income populations. This requirement includes but is not limited to: (a) Allowing adequate time in implementation schedules to mitigate potential adverse impacts on distressed populations resulting from the costs of the improvements and taking into consideration local community economic considerations; and (b) Allowing for reasonable accommodations for regulated entities when inflexible standards and fines would impose a disproportionate financial hardship in light of the environmental benefits to be gained.
- An assessment of other community investments and operating costs relating to environmental improvements and public health protection.
- An assessment of factors set forth in the United States Environmental Protection Agency's guidance, including but not limited to the "Combined Sewer Overflow Guidance for Financial Capability Assessment and Schedule Development" that may ease the cost burdens of implementing wet weather control plans, including but not limited to small system considerations, the attainability of water quality standards, and the development of wet weather standards.
- An assessment of any other relevant local community economic condition.
The department uses software titled CapdetWorks to estimate the cost for reconstruction of a treatment plant. CapdetWorks is a preliminary design and costing software program from Hydromantis for wastewater treatment plants that uses national indices, such as the Marshall and Swift Index and Engineering News Records Cost Index for pricing in development of capital, operating, maintenance, material and energy costs for each treatment technology. As the program works from national indices and each community is unique in its budget commitments and treatment design, the estimated costs are expected to be higher than actual costs.
The design parameters for Hydromantis are for larger facilities with flows greater than most Missouri facilities are designed for. CapdetWorks provides a cost estimate based on national averages, not the site-specific conditions of a community. Cost estimates are verified through the tracking of actual costs from submitted facility plans, engineering reports, bid documents and loan closures. This verification process allows the engineering section to track costs to see if the assumptions from CapdetWorks are appropriate for the State of Missouri. The department uses CapdetWorks to estimate costs of upgrading to meet new permit requirements in CAFComs.
For further information on CapdetWorks, please contact the Water Protection Program, Engineering Section at 573-751-6621.
Affordability Prescreening Tool
The Affordability Prescreening Tool is a socioeconomic database primarily designed to assist department staff in conducting affordability findings. The data are compiled from the United States Census Bureau and United States Bureau of Labor Statistics. The indicators include population, median household income, per capita income, median age, unemployment rate, poverty level, food stamps reception and consumer price indices. Data are provided for various administrative units including the United States, the State of Missouri, all 114 counties and all 1,039 communities in Missouri for the years 1990, 2000, 2010 and annually beginning in 2011.
Rural Missouri Sustainability Assessment Tool (MoSAT)
The State of Missouri contracted with Wichita State University to complete the Rural Missouri Sustainability Assessment Tool (MoSAT), which is an assessment tool that forecasts rural Missouri community populations and future sustainability. The tool uses a statistical modeling analysis of factors associated with each rural Missouri community that predicts future sustainability changes in each community. A stepwise regression model that was applied yielded 19 individual sustainability factors with statistically significant coefficients. These 19 sustainability factors are valid predictors of rural population change in Missouri and were incorporated into the assessment tool along with overall population changes from 2000 to 2010.
The sustainability factors are:
- Change in the population group aged 18 to 29 years from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the population group aged 50 and over from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in construction from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of public assistance income recipients from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of bachelor’s or higher degree recipients from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in entertainment, recreation and food service from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of retirement income recipients from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of Social Security income recipients from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in professional services, scientific and management from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of high school graduates from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in manufacturing from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in finance, insurance and real estate from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in wholesale trade from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in information technologies from 2000 to 2010
- Change in population density (per square mile) from 2000 to 2010
- Natural Amenity Scale Rank (1=Low, 7=High)
- Change in the number of rural immigrants from 2000 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons migrating into the town or village from 2006 to 2010
- Change in the number of persons employed in retail trade from 2000 to 2010
The model establishes a hierarchy of the predictive factors which allows it to place a weighted value on each factor. A total of 745 rural towns and villages in Missouri received a weighted value for each of the predicting factors. The weighted values for each rural community within Missouri were then added together to determine an overall decision score. The overall decision scores were then divided into five categories and each town was assigned to a different categorical group based on the overall decision score.
1-2 Likely to see sustainability challenges through time.
3 Sustainable over time but a small change in the social or economic conditions could easily decrease or increase sustainability challenges.
4-5 Shows progress and growth and is likely sustainable over time.
The Financial Questionnaire is a required attachment to the permit renewal application for publicly-owned treatment works. Along with the Community Supplemental Survey, it collects information on the sustainability and financial capability of the community. Examples of information requested are the “current monthly residential sewer rates” and “property tax collection rate in the municipality.”
Annual Affordability Reports
Annual Reports on Affordability Findings of Compliance to the Missouri Clean Water Law:
- 2019 Annual Affordability Report
- 2018 Annual Affordability Report
- 2017 Annual Affordability Report
- 2016 Annual Affordability Report
- 2015 Annual Affordability Report
- 2014 Annual Affordability Report
Pursuant to Section 644.145.9, RSMo, the department shall file an annual report by the beginning of the fiscal year with the governor, the speaker of the house of representatives, the president pro tempore of the senate, and the chairs of the committees in both houses having primary jurisdiction over natural resource issues showing at least the following information on the findings of affordability completed in the previous calendar year:
- The total number of findings of affordability issued by the department, those categorized as affordable, those categorized as not meeting the definition of affordable, and those implemented as a federal mandate regardless of affordability.
- The average increase in sewer rates both in dollars and percentage for all findings found to be affordable.
- The average increase in sewer rates as a percentage of median house income in the communities for those findings determined to be affordable and a separate calculation of average increases in sewer rates for those found not to meet the definition of affordable.
- A list of all the permit holders receiving findings, and for each permittee the following data taken from the finding of affordability shall be listed:
- Current and projected monthly residential sewer rates in dollars
- Projected monthly residential sewer rates as a percentage of median household income
- Percentage of households at or below the state poverty rate
Permittees must submit a completed application for the renewal of a permit at least 180 days prior to expiration of a site-specific permit. The following forms must be included (may need more than one): Domestic wastewater systems are those listed as publicly owned treatment works (POTW), or discharge primarily kitchen and/or bathroom wastewater. Industrial facilities are those having industrial wastewater, including cooling water, and/or stormwater discharges for qualifying industries as found in 10 CSR 20-6.200. Domestic wastewater at industrial facilities is included under the industrial operating permit but additional forms may be required, see below
- Form A - Application for Nondomestic Permit Under Missouri Clean Water Law - MO 780-1479 for all non-domestic facilities; will also need Form C, and please review Form D. For systems also irrigating or spreading, see Forms I or R. For Domestic systems at industrial sites, please fill out Form B or B2 for any domestic outfall.
- Form B - Application for Operating Permit for Facilities that Receive Primarily Domestic Waste and Have a Design Flow Less Than or Equal to 100,000 Gallons Per Day for domestic wastewater less than or equal to 100,000 gallons per day.
- Form B2 - Application for Operating Permit for Facilities that Receive Primarily Domestic Waste and Have a Design Flow More than 100,000 Gallons Per Day for domestic wastewater greater than 100,000 gallons per day.
- Form C - Application for Discharge Permit - Manufacturing Commercial, Mining, Silviculture, Operations and Stormwater for all industrial and commercial facilities discharging wastewater and/or stormwater (also always include Form A). A table of the pollutant scan will need to be filled out for each outfall.
- Form D - Application for Discharge Permit - Primary Industries , Form MO 780-1516 for primary or categorical industries as defined by EPA, see form for list of industries (include with Forms A and C; usually required if an Effluent Limitation Guideline (ELG) is applicable to the facility). A table of the pollutant scan will need to be filled out for each outfall, which includes internal outfalls.
- Form I - Permit Application for Operation of Wastewater Irrigation Systems, Form MO 780-1686 for wastewater irrigation systems (usually called non-discharging facilities, or a combination of discharging and non-discharging facility; must accompany Form A or Form B/B2 if wastewater is irrigated or partially irrigated to the surface or subsurface).
- Form R - Permit Application for Land Application of Industrial Wastewater Biosolids and Residuals, Form MO 780-1684 for land application of industrial wastewater, biosolids, or residuals (usually non-discharging facilities, or a combination of discharging and non-discharging facility; must also include Form A).
Completed forms should be submitted via e-mail to firstname.lastname@example.org. For questions, please contact your previous permit writer, the regional office, email email@example.com, or call the Operating Permits Section at (573) 522-4502.