The Buick NE monitoring site took over ambient air monitoring for lead from the nearby Bixby West site, which operated from February 2010 until September 2010. The department ceased operations at the Bixby West site because in mid-2010, the Doe Run Co. acquired the property on which the monitor sat. The Buick NE station gauges the impact that a nearby secondary lead smelter has on air quality. Owned by the Doe Run Co., the Buick Resource Recycling Facility in Boss lies about 1.6 miles from the Buick NE station. Doe Run's secondary lead smelter recaptures lead found in lead-acid batteries and other products.
Not long after the state's Buick NE monitor began collecting data, the department decided to begin monitoring sulfur dioxide, too, because results from unrelated air monitoring at the lead recycling plant showed that the area may be at risk of not meeting the federal standard for SO2. The unrelated air monitoring at the Buick recycling facility occurred in connection with an application for a construction permit.