Title V of the 1990 Clean Air Act Amendments requires that every state adopt and implement an air pollution operating permit program covering all federally-defined major and certain other federally-regulated stationary sources of air pollution. Operating permits improve compliance with the regulations by clarifying what installations must do to control air pollution.

The purpose of an operating permit is to identify and record the regulations that apply to regulated installations. Operating permits and their accompanying applications define existing compliance obligations rather than impose new requirements. The operating permit serves as a single document for regulators, the public, and the installation, and sets forth all of the applicable requirements and compliance demonstrations, including monitoring, testing, record keeping and reporting practices.

Overview

Operating Permits Overview

Operating permits are required for any air pollution source that has the potential to emit pollutants in excess of the major source thresholds. An operating permit identifies all applicable requirements. Operating permits include information on which pollutants are being released, how much is released, and what steps, if any, that the facility is required to take to reduce the pollution. 

Operating permits are legally-enforceable documents written by the department. Operating permits are especially useful for businesses covered by more than one part of the Clean Air Act and additional state requirements, since information about all of a source’s air pollution is consolidated in one place. 

There are two types of operating permits issued by the department - Intermediate operating permits and Part 70 operating permits. Not all facilities will need an operating permit, but all facilities need to know their status and obligations. Operating permits are valid for a five year period.

Operating permits are required for any installation whose potential emissions of air contaminants is at or above the major source threshold. Operating permits are intended to identify all relevant requirements that apply to the various emission units at a plant, site or facility. Operating permits can establish detailed provisions for any testing, emissions monitoring, recordkeeping or reporting that is needed to demonstrate compliance with the regulations. Operating permits are not intended to be the source of new emissions limitations or requirements. Instead, operating permits are intended to identify and state all of the existing requirements that apply to the plant, site or facility; this helps the plant manager ensure compliance with these existing requirements, since they will now be explicitly identified both for the regulated source, and for the regulatory agencies themselves. Said another way, operating permits are intended to be vehicles for defining existing compliance obligations; they are not intended to impose new limits on emissions.

An operating permit expires after five years. The application to renew the operating permit must be submitted at least six months before the permit expires, though the application can be submitted as much as 18 months prior to the expiration date; once an application has been submitted and found to be complete, the “application shield” ensures that the existing operating permit will not expire in the event that the renewal permit is not issued prior to the expiration date of the existing operating permit. 

For information about an operating permit, contact department staff at 573-751-4817. Applications for permits and renewal permits require a filing fee; no filing fee is required for applications to amend existing operating permits. Payment of the filing fee may be made by check enclosed with the application or electronically; learn more about how to pay by credit card

Note: This information is not meant to be a tool to determine applicable federal and state regulations for a specific situation. The method of choice should always be a thorough review of the state and federal rules and regulations. 

Intermediate

Intermediate Operating Permits

An Intermediate installation is a Part 70 installation that accepts voluntary, federally-enforceable limitations on production and/or emissions, type of materials combusted or processed, operating rates, or hours of operation in order to reduce the potential to emit and maintain the installation's actual emissions below major source levels. These limits may have already been taken in a construction permit or may be requested as part of the Intermediate operating permit application.

Intermediate operating permits are valid for a five year term. A permit shield provides protection for the installation if it has complied with all of the conditions in the operating permit.

Initial Applications

A complete application for an initial Intermediate operating permit must be submitted within 90 days after the installation begins operation. 

Renewal Applications

In order to renew an Intermediate operating permit, a renewal application must be submitted. In order to qualify for an application shield, a complete application to renew the permit must be submitted at least six months prior to the expiration date of the current intermediate operating permit, but no earlier than 18 months prior to the expiration date of the current intermediate operating permit.

The application forms are available under the Forms and Applications section of our website.

Other Applications

For information on modifications, administrative amendments, or off-permit changes to Intermediate operating permits, please refer to the Modifications tab.

All applications must be submitted by mail to Air Pollution Control Program, PO Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102 or in person at 1659 E. Elm St, Jefferson City, MO 65101. We are not currently able to accept applications submitted by email or fax. While a filing fee is required for all initial and renewal applications, no filing fee is required for amendments to existing operating permits. Payment of the filing fee may be made by check enclosed with the application or electronically; learn more about how to pay by credit card.

Draft initial and renewal Intermediate operating permits are required to go through a 30-day public notice period prior to issuance.

Applicable Statutes: section 643.050, RSMo

Applicable Regulations: 10 CSR 10-6.065 and 40 CFR Part 70

Other Information

•    Parts of an Operating Permit - coming soon

Note: This information is not meant to be a tool to determine applicable federal and state regulations for a specific situation. The method of choice should always be a thorough review of the state and federal rules and regulations. 

Part 70

Part 70 Operating Permits

A Part 70 operating permit is required for installations that emit or have the potential to emit air pollutants in excess of the major source levels.  An installation must also obtain a Part 70 operating permit, regardless of potential to emit, in certain other cases, described here.

Part 70 operating permits are valid for a five year term. A permit shield provides protection for the installation if they have complied with all of the conditions in their operating permit.

Initial Applications

A complete application for an initial Part 70 operating permit must be submitted within 12 months after the installation begins operation. 

Renewal Applications

In order to renew a Part 70 operating permit, a renewal application must be submitted. In order to qualify for an application shield, a complete application to renew the permit must be submitted at least six months prior to the expiration date of the current Part 70 operating permit, but no earlier than 18 months prior to the expiration date of the current Part 70 operating permit.

The application forms are available under the Forms and Applications section of our website.

Other Applications

For information on significant modifications, minor modifications, administrative amendments, off-permit changes, or §502(b)(10) changes to Part 70 operating permits, please refer to the Modifications tab.

All applications must be submitted by mail to Air Pollution Control Program, PO Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102 or in person at 1659 E. Elm St, Jefferson City, MO 65101. We are not currently able to accept applications submitted by email or fax. While a filing fee is required for all initial and renewal applications, no filing fee is required for amendments to existing operating permits. Payment of the filing fee may be made by check enclosed with the application or electronically; learn more about how to pay by credit card.

Draft initial and renewal Part 70 operating permits as well as draft significant modifications to Part 70 operating permits are required to go through a 30-day public notice period and a 45-day EPA review period prior to issuance.

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 643.050

Applicable Regulations: 10 CSR 10-6.065 and 40 CFR Part 70

Other Information

Note: This information is not meant to be a tool to determine applicable federal and state regulations for a specific situation. The method of choice should always be a thorough review of the state and federal rules and regulations. 

Modifications

Modifications and Amendments

There are five types of modifications that an installation can request be made to its Part 70 operating permit. These five types of modifications are:

  • Significant Modification - coming soon
  • Minor Modification - coming soon
  • Administrative Amendment - coming soon
  • Off-Permit Change - coming soon
  • §502(b)(10) Change - coming soon

There are three types of modifications that an installation can request be made to its Intermediate operating permit. These three types of modifications are:

  • Intermediate Permit Modification - coming soon
  • Administrative Amendment - coming soon
  • Off-Permit Change - coming soon

These changes are initiated by the permittee in order to incorporate changes to its permit.

In addition to the above changes, the Air Pollution Control Program or Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) may reopen the operating permit to make certain changes. For example, an operating permit may be reopened for cause if a regulation becomes applicable to the installation, and more than three years remains on the life of the permit. Another example would be if the permitting authority or EPA discovers that an applicable permit requirement has been omitted from the permit – the permit would be reopened for cause to insert the relevant applicable permit requirements.

Modifications to operating permits do not require a filing fee.

Draft significant modifications to Part 70 operating permits are required to go through a 30-day public notice period and a 45-day EPA review period prior to issuance. All other modifications are generally issued without public notice.

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 643.050

Applicable Regulations: 10 CSR 10-6.065 and 40 CFR Part 70

Note: This page does not provide guidance for modifications to Title IV (Acid Rain) permits. Modifications to Title IV (Acid Rain) permits must be made following the permit revisions procedures in 40 CFR Part 72 Subpart H. If you are revising an Acid Rain permit, please contact the Air Pollution Control Program’s Operating Permits Unit for guidance.

Process

What happens after I submit an application?

  • Part 70 initial/renewal operating permit applications - coming soon
  • Part 70 significant modification permit applications - coming soon
  • Part 70 minor modification permit applications - coming soon
  • Administrative amendment applications - coming soon
  • Off-permit change notifications - coming soon
  • §502(b)(10) notifications - coming soon
  • Intermediate initial/renewal operating permit applications - coming soon
  • Intermediate permit modification applications - coming soon
  • Confidentiality requests - coming soon
  • Applicability determination requests - coming soon

How long will it take for my permit to be issued?

  • Initial/renewal Intermediate/Part 70 operating permits: The Air Pollution Control Program is required to issue the permit within 18 months of receiving a complete application.
  • Significant modifications to a Part 70 operating permit: The Air Pollution Control Program is required to issue the modified permit within 6 months of receiving a complete application.
  • Minor modifications to a Part 70 operating permit: The Air Pollution Control Program is required to issue the modified permit within 90 days of receiving the application.
  • Modified Intermediate operating permits: The Air Pollution Control Program is required to issue the modified permit within 9 months of receiving a complete application.
  • Administrative amendments to Intermediate/Part 70 operating permits: The Air Pollution Control Program is required to issue the modified permit within 60 days of receipt of the application.
  • §502(b)(10) and off-permit changes: The Air Pollution Control Program does not issue a new/modified operating permit. A copy of the notification should be retained with the current operating permit.

What is the status of my application?

Please refer to the department's Pending Projects website at https://dnr.mo.gov/env/apcp/pending-projects-search.php.

What permits are on public notice?

Please refer to the department's Air Public Notices website. This webpage also provides ways that you can submit comments to permits that are on public notice.

Resources

Operating Permit Resources

  • What are Significant Modifications? - coming soon
  • What are Administrative Amendments? - coming soon
  • What are §502(b)(10) changes? - coming soon
  • What are off-permit changes? - coming soon
  • What are Intermediate Permit Modifications? - coming soon
  • What are the parts of an operating permit? - coming soon
  • What is the application shield? - coming soon
  • What is the permit shield? - coming soon 
  • What is considered a complete application? - coming soon
  • How do I calculate the application filing fee? - coming soon
  • How do I determine my potential to emit? - coming soon
  • Operating permit applicability flow chart - coming soon
  • What is Compliance Assurance Monitoring? - coming soon
  • What is my Facility ID? - coming soon
  • What is my project number? - coming soon
  • Where can I find issued operating permits? - coming soon
  • How do I file a confidentiality request? - coming soon
  • Will you confirm that I do/don’t need a permit? (applicability determinations) - coming soon

Other Resources

  • EPA’s Air Permit Policy & Guidance Databases - coming soon
  • AP-42: Compilation of Air Emissions Factors - coming soon
  • EPA’s Applicability Determination Index (ADI) - coming soon
  • Missouri’s Code of State Regulations (CSR) - coming soon
  • Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) - coming soon
  • Sunshine requests
  • WebFIRE - coming soon
  • Air Emissions Inventory Improvement Program (EIIP) - coming soon
  • Missouri’s State Implementation Plan (SIP) - coming soon