Electricity can be stored using technologies such as batteries, flywheels, hydrogen, and molten salt. The use of batteries is becoming more common in many applications, such as vehicle batteries.

Lead-acid Batteries

Lead-acid batteries have the advantage of being robust, stable and recyclable. Missouri is the leading producer of lead for batteries in the country, and is also a leading battery producer in the country. Major battery producers in Missouri include Energizer, NorthStar and EaglePicher. Research and development is underway by major battery producers in Missouri to improve the capabilities of lead-acid batteries. Storage-related research initiatives in Missouri include the Missouri Center for Advanced Power System, the Missouri University of Science and Technology’s work through its College of Engineering and Computing, and Washington University in St. Louis’s Solar Energy and Energy Storage program. Interested persons might also visit the website of the Joint Center for Energy Storage Research.

*If you need to dispose of a lead-acid battery, those used in cars, boats and other vehicles, review What to Do With Items Banned From Landfills - PUB0186.

Lithium-ion Batteries

Lithium-ion batteries are a type of rechargeable battery that is commonly used for portable electronics and electric vehicles.

*If you need to dispose of household batteries, visit Household Hazardous Waste.