Ameren Missouri owns and operates the Northwest SO2 monitor near its Labadie Energy Center, but the Missouri Department of Natural Resources provides quality assurance. Environmental specialists with the department also conduct periodic on-site performance audits, just as they do at state-operated sites that monitor SO2 . The company is operating monitors at Northwest and other sites under a quality assurance project plan (QAPP) approved by the department. 

Working with the department, Ameren Missouri established the site in April 2015 in preparation for a proposed federal rule that gave the state two choices for characterizing air quality in areas with large sources of SO2 emissions: modeling or ambient air monitoring. In consultation with the company, the department had chosen air monitoring in this case to meet EPA's Data Requirements Rule (DRR), which was finalized in August 2015. The rule covers the third and fourth steps toward implementation of the 2010 SO2 standard of 75 parts per billion. Industry and department personnel used EPA guidelines to pick the monitoring sites; for example, they had to verify that the monitors are appropriate distances from trees, buildings and minor sources of SO2 .

Data from monitors and audits will be part of EPA’s Air Quality System. The federal agency will use the data collected over an initial three-year period to determine compliance with the 1-hour SO2 standard.


Sulfur Dioxide

EPA not only established a new one-hour standard in 2010, but it also introduced a new form for determining compliance. The new form requires three years of data — the average SO2 concentration from each hour of the year. The department and EPA calculate the design value, using the 99th percentile of one-hour daily maximum concentrations, averaged over three years.

Departmental information about sulfur dioxide (SO2)

  • Description
  • 2010 standard and related documents
Labadie Northwest Industrial Air Monitoring Site

rt. 94 near intersection with Schluersburg Road
Augusta, MO 63332
United States

St. Charles
Date Established
Pollutants Monitored
Sulfur Dioxide
38.5818, -90.865528