PUB 98 - Solid Waste Permits

Department of Natural Resources fact sheet
03/2018
Department of Natural Resources Director: Carol S. Comer
PUB98sw

Solid Waste Permits

Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Division of Environmental Quality
Solid Waste Management Program
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
573-751-5401 or contact your nearest regional office.

Solid Waste
The Solid Waste Management Program (SWMP) is responsible for the control and regulation of solid (nonhazardous) waste in Missouri. The waste may be generated from commercial, industrial, municipal or residential sites. The SWMP also regulates infectious waste and the management of waste tires. The program administers programs created by federal law, the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) and state law (the Solid Waste Management Law, Chapter 260.200 - 260.345 RSMo). The portion of the Code of State Regulations (CSR) defining the organization and responsibilities of the Solid Waste Management Program is found in 10 CSR 80.

The SWMP is primarily involved with the permitting and regulating of the design, construction and operation of solid waste disposal areas and processing facilities. The SWMP is also responsible for the proper management and closure of existing landfills, waste tire processing facilities, and waste tire storage sites.

Permits
An Infectious Waste Processing Facility accepts infectious waste transferred from an off-site generator for processing or treatment. A hospital that processes or treats its own waste on-site is exempt. Both a construction permit and an operating permit are required. Prior to completion of the construction permitting process, a public notice is required and a public hearing will be held upon request.

A Scrap Tire End-User Registration is required for any facility where scrap tires or scrap tire material are used as a fuel, fuel supplement or used to make a product and more than 100 scrap tires are used for any purpose.

Those who transports scrap tires must obtain a  Scrap Tire Hauler Permit. Hauler permits are issued by the Missouri Department of Transportation, Motor Carrier Services Unit. Hauling scrap tires generated at a business or residence does not need a permit if the tires are transported by the employees using vehicles of the business. The SWMP does not require a public notice or hearing.

A  Scrap Tire Processing Facility Permit is for facilities where tires are reduced in volume by bailing, shredding, cutting, chipping or otherwise altered is required to have this permit. Processing must be done to facilitate recycling, resource recovery or disposal. A public notice or hearing is not currently required for this permit. Exemptions to the permit requirement are:ƒ

Any scrap tire site or location storing 500 or more whole, cut, chipped or shredded scrap tires has to have a Scrap Tire Site Permit. A public notice or hearing is not currently required for this permit. A scrap tire site permit must include a Financial Assurance Instrument (FAI). The FAI demonstrates the financial capability of the facility owner to properly close the site. A scrap tire site must also have tire processing capability and a waste tire processing facility permit in order to qualify for a scrap tire site permit.

A scrap tire collection center is a site where scrap tires are collected prior to recycling or processing and fewer than 500 tires are stored on any given day. This includes whole, baled, shredded, cut or chipped tires. A facility that stores less than 25 tires at any time is exempt.

A solid waste disposal area (or landfill) is a facility that accepts waste from any commercial, industrial, recreational or governmental operation or more than one residence. There is a multi-step public participation process prescribed by law for these facilities. Prior to applying for a Solid Waste Disposal Area Permit, an applicant must first obtain approval for the site’s geologic and hydrologic conditions from Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ Division of Geology and Land Survey. Before constructing a solid waste processing facility or a solid waste disposal area, an applicant must first obtain a construction permit from the Missouri Department of Natural Resources Solid Waste Management Program.

In order to obtain a construction permit, plans, specifications and other data necessary to  comply with the Solid Waste Management Law must be submitted to the SWMP. Prior to accepting waste at the facility the applicant must apply for and receive an operating permit from the SWMP. The operating permit will be issued after the department is assured the facility has been constructed in accordance with the approved plans, specifications and construction permit conditions.

A Solid Waste Processing Facility such as an incinerator, compost plant, or transfer station is a facility that accepts municipal solid waste (MSW) for processing or salvaging. Prior to completion of the construction permitting process, a public notice is required and a public hearing will be held upon request.

Many of the required forms are available on-line under the heading  Solid Waste at dnr.mo.gov/forms/index.html. For more information about the specific permits, Environmental Permits and How to Obtain Them may be helpful, and is also located online. To receive a paper copy of any solid waste application forms, please contact the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751- 5401.

Waste diversion through the three R’s : Reduce, Reuse, Recycle
According to the Missouri Policy on Resources Recovery, Missouri emphasizes reducing waste disposal and taking full advantage of resource recovery opportunities. Resource recovery means following the hierarchy of waste management:

First – reduce the amount of solid waste created.
Second – reuse, recycle and compost solid waste to the greatest extent feasible.
Third – recover energy from solid waste.
Fourth – incinerate or dispose of waste in a permitted landfill.

Legislation in 1990 focused Missouri’s solid waste management efforts by setting a goal to divert at least 40 percent of its waste from disposal. The department provides technical bulletins and other guidance documents to assist individuals, businesses, and local governments in achieving the goal. Technical and financial assistance is also available from the department.

To encourage recycling, composting and other alternatives to disposal, solid waste management laws and regulations minimize the permitting requirements for these activities. For example, source separated recycling facilities and yard waste composting facilities are not required to obtain a solid waste permit to operate. The department does advise that anyone interested in pursuing these types of activities should contact the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401.

Permits

Infectious Waste Processing Facility
Construction Permit
Regulated Activities: The construction of off-site infectious waste treatment or processing facilities. If the treatment or processing facility is a hospital as defined in Chapter 197, RSMo, it may be exempt from permit requirements.

Fees: The application fee is $1,000. The application also must reimburse the department for all reasonable costs incurred by the agency in the course of the permit review, to a maximum of $4,000.

Required Documents: A completed application form, design and operating plans and specifications, and history of past environmental violations. In addition, air pollution or water pollution permits may be required. Forms are available by calling the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401.

Length of Permit: Coincides with the facility’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 6 to 12 months

Public Participation: Public notice required; public hearing upon request.

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-2.010, 80-2.020, 80-2.070, 80-5.010 and 80-7.010

Operating Permit
Regulated Activities: The operation of infectious waste processing facilities.

Fees: Not applicable

Required Documents: Quality assurance/quality control documents and owner certification form. Forms are available by calling the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401.

Length of Permit: Coincides with the processing facility’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 60 days

Public Participation: Not applicable

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-2.020

Scrap Tire End-User Registration
Regulated Activities: The use of scrap tires as a fuel or as a useable product, including baled or compressed tires used in structures, recreational facilities or for erosion control. Prior approval is required if more than 100 scrap tires are used for any purpose.

Fees: None

Required Documents: Registration Using the Scrap Tire End-User Registration Form, Form -- MO 780-1594, is available online at dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1594-f.pdf. Inventory of unprocessed scrap tires cannot exceed the number that can be used in six months and the inventory of processed tires cannot exceed two times that of the unprocessed tires. All required materials are to be submitted by certified mail to Missouri Department of Natural Resources Solid Waste Management Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.

Length of Permit: Issued for the life of the facility.

Average Processing Time: One to four weeks

Public Participation: Not required

Applicable Statutes: 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-8.060

Scrap Tire Hauler Permit
Regulated Activities: Hauling scrap tires for consideration or commercial profit. A person who is hauling scrap tires generated at their own business or residence is not required to obtain a permit to haul scrap tires, provided such transportation is done using their own employees and vehicles.

Fees: The permit application fee is $100

Required Documents: A completed application form. Forms are available by calling Missouri Department of Transportation’s Motor Carrier Services Unit at 573-751-3358 or 866-831-6277 and select option 3. All required materials are to be submitted to the Missouri Department of Transportation’s Motor Carrier Services Unit.

Length of Permit: One year

Average Processing Time: 2 to 4 weeks

Public Participation: Not required

Applicable Statutes: 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-8.030

Scrap Tire Processing Facility Permit
Regulated Activities: Processing (shredding, cutting, chipping or otherwise altering) scrap tires for recycling, resource recovery or disposal. A permit is required if more than 24 tires are on-site at any time.

Fees: The permit application fee is $200 and the applicant must reimburse the department for all reasonable costs incurred by the department in the course of the application review to a maximum of $2,000.

Required Documents: A completed Scrap Tire Processing Facility Permit Application, Form -- MO 780-1597 available online at dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1597-f.pdf, site and operational plans, fire protection plan, site control plan, inventory information, vector control and record keeping plans. Inventory of unprocessed scrap tires cannot exceed the number that can be processed in six months and the inventory of processed tires cannot exceed two times that of the unprocessed tires. Estimated inventory shall be based upon the capacity of the processing equipment or on the volume processed in the previous year. In addition, permits from the Water Pollution Control Program and Air Pollution Control Program may be required. All required materials are to be submitted by certified mail to Missouri Department of Natural Resources Solid Waste Management Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.

Length of Permit: Issued for the life of the facility, but can be reopened for review or modification.

Average Processing Time: Six to 12 months

Public Participation: Not required

Applicable Statutes: 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-8.050

Solid Waste Disposal Area Construction Permit
Regulated Activities: The construction of solid waste disposal facilities accepting waste from any commercial, industrial, recreational or governmental operation or from more than one residence. Certain limited solid waste disposal activities may be exempt from permit requirements [Reference 10 CSR 80-2.020 (9) (A) and (B)].

Fees: The application fee is $2,000. The applicant also must reimburse the department for all reasonable costs incurred by the department in the course of the permit review, to a maximum of $8,000.

Required Documents: A completed application form, site geologic and hydrologic approval from the Division of Geology and Land Survey design and operating plans and specifications, demonstration of compliance with all applicable local planning and zoning requirements, closure financial assurance instrument and history of past environmental violations. In addition, a water pollution permit will be required and an air pollution permit may be required. Forms are available by calling the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401. The Division of Geology and Land Survey office number is 573-368-2100 (Rolla).

Length of Permit: Coincides with the disposal area’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 10 to 12 months

Public Participation: Public notice, public awareness session, community involvement session and public hearing on draft permit required.

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-1.010 through 80-4.010 and 10 CSR 80-11.010

Solid Waste Disposal Area Operating Permit
Regulated Activities: The operation of solid waste disposal area.

Fees: Not applicable

Required Documents: Quality assurance/quality control documents and owner certification form. Forms are available by calling the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401. A post-closure financial assurance instrument.

Length of Permit: Coincides with the disposal area’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 60 days

Public Participation: Not applicable

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-2.020

Solid Waste Processing Facility Construction Permit
Regulated Activities: The construction of solid waste processing facilities. These are facilities such as incinerators, material recovery facilities and transfer stations where solid wastes are salvaged, processed or treated. Certain limited solid waste processing activities may be exempt from permit requirements [Reference 10 CSR 80-2.020 (9) (A)].

Fees: The application fee is $1,000. The applicant also must reimburse the department for all reasonable costs incurred by the department in the course of the permit review to a maximum of $4,000.

Required Documents: A completed application form, design and operating plans and specifications and history of past environmental violations. In addition, air pollution or water pollution permits may be required. Forms are available by calling the Solid Waste Management Program at 573-751-5401.

Length of Permit: Coincides with the facility’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 6 to 12 months

Public Participation: Public notice required; public hearing upon request.

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-1.010, 80-2.010, 80-2.020, 80-2.080 and 80-5.010

Solid Waste Processing Facility Operating Permit
Regulated Activities: The operation of solid waste processing facilities.

Fees: Not applicable

Required Documents: Quality assurance/quality control documents and owner certification form.

Length of Permit: Coincides with the processing facility’s anticipated life.

Average Processing Time: 60 days

Public Participation: Not applicable

Applicable Statutes: RSMo 260.200 through 260.345

Applicable Rules: 10 CSR 80-2.020