Odor, Dust, Asbestos, Open Burning and Freon Emissions

Air Pollution Control Program fact sheet
Division of Environmental Quality Director: Ed Galbraith

Disclaimer: This general information is provided as guidance to the public. For more specific information about the rules and regulations for these items in metropolitan areas see the contacts listed at the end of this fact sheet.


Odors, dust, asbestos, open burning and freon have the potential to affect air quality in Missouri. This fact sheet includes information about each of these subjects, discusses its affects on air quality and outlines the best approach for dealing with those effects. Regardless of permit requirements, these guidelines must be followed and are enforceable by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.

Emission of Odors
Odors are a byproduct of many factories and businesses. Odors can become a problem when they negatively affect air quality. If someone complains about an odor from a certain property, the odor will be investigated if the source is regulated. If the department determines the odor originated on the property and that it exceeds the regulatory limit, the facility may receive a violation. Facilities are required to correct the situation by controlling the odor. There are some exemptions to this rule, as well as additional regulations for large commercial farms. See the Guide to Animal Feeding Operations, Fact Sheet--PUB915 for classifications of large
commercial farms. Refer to www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/current/10csr/10csr.asp#10-10 for more about odor emission regulations, exceptions and location specific information.

Emission of Dust
Dust is a visible air pollutant whose sources include private gravel roads or construction projects. Dust can be a problem if it is visible on surfaces or in the air beyond the property line of the source that produces it. If the department determines that an activity on a piece of property is producing enough dust to leave the property, the facility on that property may be given a violation. If this happens, it is an indication that control measures need to be introduced. Some exceptions to this rule do apply. For more information on dust emissions, visit www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/current/10csr/10csr.asp#10-10.

Asbestos is a naturally occurring mineral fiber that was widely used in many different products, especially building materials, until the 1970s. It is still manufactured in some products today. Asbestos can cause many health problems, including lung cancer. Before demolition or renovation activities begin in a regulated structure, a Missouri-certified asbestos inspector must conduct an inspection.

If asbestos is found, it will probably need to be removed by a Missouri-registered asbestos abatement contractor. All demolition projects must send notification to the department along with a copy of the inspection report at least 10 working days before demolition begins. This must be done even if no asbestos was found in the structure. More details about asbestos is available in the fact sheet Asbestos: What is it and why is it a concern?, Fact Sheet--PUB2077. 

For exemptions, examples of asbestos-containing materials, asbestos inspection and removal requirements, see the fact sheet Asbestos Requirements for Demolition and Renovation Projects, Fact Sheet--PUB2157.
Visit www.dnr.mo.gov/env/apcp/asbestos.htm for a list of Missouri-certified asbestos inspectors and notification forms.

Open Burning
The burning of any material that allows particles, such as smoke and ash, to go directly into the air without going through a stack or chimney is called open burning. Open burning can produce toxic emissions that are harmful to health and the environment. The department allows open burning for some agricultural and land-clearing purposes, as well as for recreational and household purposes (some restrictions may apply). Certain cities and counties restrict open burning, so check with local authorities before burning. The open burning of any waste from businesses is usually not permitted, however, there may be some exceptions. Open burning
permits may be required in some situations. For more information about open burning and location specific information, see the fact sheet Open Burning Under Missouri Regulations, Fact Sheet--PUB2047. If there is a question about whether open burning is allowed in a certain situation, call the Department of Natural Resources.

Freon Servicing
Freon is a generic term for refrigerants used in many air conditioners and major appliances. Older air conditioners and major appliances often use a type of chlorofluorocarbon (CFC) that damages the earth’s protective ozone layer. It has been replaced, in many cases, with various types of hydrochlorofluorocarbon (HCFC). Many HCFCs are also being phased out and will eventually have to be replaced. HCFCs, while not as harmful as CFCs, still damage the earth’s ozone layer.

It is very important that all CFCs be contained, whether in the servicing of an air conditioner or when throwing away an appliance that contains CFCs. All containers that hold CFCs should be clearly labeled. HCFCs cannot be used in equipment that use CFCs. CFCs are not considered hazardous waste unless they are mixed with other waste products. However, all freon should only be handled by trained and certified professionals. To find out more about how freon should be controlled read the fact sheet Prohibition of Major Appliance Disposal in Landfills, Fact Sheet--PUB929 or the fact sheet Preventing Pollution in the Vehicle Maintenance Industry, Guide--PUB799.

Different Requirements May Exist
Some areas may have different requirements than the rest of the state for the pollutants in this fact sheet. Use the contact information provided below to check the regulations in your area.

Asbestos Contact Information
For more information on the department’s asbestos requirements, you may contact the department’s Air Pollution Control Program or one of the department’s other offices:

Local Agencies
In Missouri, there are two local agencies that have an agreement with the department to enforce Missouri’s asbestos requirements as well as local ordinances. These local agencies are:

Jurisdiction Agency Telephone
Kansas City Kansas City Health Department
Air Quality Program
St. Louis County St. Louis County Health Department 314-615-8924

Two additional local agencies do not enforce Missouri’s asbestos requirements but may have local ordinances concerning asbestos which they enforce:

Jurisdiction Agency Telephone
St. Louis (city) St. Louis Division of Air Pollution Control
Air Quality Program
Springfield Springfield-Greene County Health Department of Environmental Services 417-864-1412

Prior to performing a project in one of these jurisdictions, you should contact the appropriate agency to determine if any additional requirements apply.

Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Air Pollution Control Program
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102
573-751-2706 fax

Other Department Offices
Regional Offices

Kansas City Regional Office
500 NE Colbern Road
Lee's Summit, MO 64086-4710
816-622-7044 fax

Northeast Regional Office
1709 Prospect Dr.
Macon, MO 63552-2602
660-385-8090 fax

St. Louis Regional Office
7545 S. Lindbergh, Suite 210
St. Louis, MO 63125
314-416-2970 fax

Southeast Regional Office
2155 N. Westwood Blvd.
Poplar Bluff, MO 63901
573-840-9754 fax

Southwest Regional Office
2040 W. Woodland
Springfield, MO 65807-5912
417-891-4399 fax

Open Burning Contact Information

Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Air Pollution Control Program
P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
800-361-4827 or 573-751-4817 office
573-751-2706 fax

Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Solid Waste Management Program
P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
800-361-4827 or 573-751-5401 office
573-526-3902 fax

Kansas City Air Quality Program
Air Quality Section
200 Troost Ave., Suite 3200
Kansas City, MO 64108
Fax: 816-513-6173

St. Louis County Department of Health
Air Pollution Control Section
6121 North Hanley Road
St. Louis, MO 63134
Email: airpollution.doh@stlouisco.com

Springfield Air Quality Control
Department of Environmental Services
P.O. Box 8368
Springfield, MO 65801-8368