Missouri Interstate Waters
Missouri is located in the center of the United States. We not only share water with the eight states that directly border Missouri, we share water with a total of 26 other states (as either an upstream or downstream state) and two Canadian provinces. To make sure that Missouri's interests are considered, the Department of Natural Resources represents Missouri on water resource issues that traverse political boundaries. Interstate waters include the Mississippi, Missouri and White rivers and their basins.
A river basin is the total land area drained by a river and all of its tributaries. It is customary to subdivide basins by tributary. For example, the Grand, Osage, Chariton and Gasconade watersheds are sub-basins of the Missouri River basin. In the Mississippi basin, the Missouri, the White, and the Arkansas are sub-basins that drain the various parts of the state of Missouri. The Mississippi itself is subdivided for convenience into the Upper Mississippi and the Lower Mississippi.
Rivers may be used as political boundaries, as in the case of Missouri and Illinois, but basin boundaries--or divides--are not generally used as political boundaries. Therefore, river basins have no respect for state lines. Reality requires, though, that river basin boundaries be recognized in dealing with interstate water issues. In calculating the water resources that the people of Missouri have a right to use and enjoy, we use river basins as convenient planning units. It is in this context that Missouri lays claim to a fair share of water that flows--for example--from the hot springs of Yellowstone National Park, into Yellowstone River, which flows into the Missouri River near Williston, North Dakota. In like manner, Missourians share part of the waters of Lake Itasca, source of the Mississippi River.
Click on the individual basins above to learn more about each of those basins. Or, click on here to access the Interstate Waters Hot Topics page.