Natural Resource Damages - Southeast Missouri
Southeast Missouri Natural Resource Damages
The Missouri Trustee Council, which includes the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, and, for some projects, the U.S. Forest Service, has announced its decision to fund a number of restoration activities in southeast Missouri. The trustees previously discussed proposals for the selected and approved projects at a public meeting on Sept. 2, 2015. The presentation was followed by a 40-day public comment period which provided interested members of the public an opportunity to review the proposed projects and provide feedback.
The trustees have evaluated the public comments received on the proposed acquisitions and restoration projects. The trustees have elected to fund and implement restoration projects involving acquisition of more than 5,400 acres and restoration of upland, wetland and bottomland habitats, which will benefit migratory birds and other species as well as improve water quality. The restoration projects also include a cessation of cattle grazing on certain acquired properties, non-native species control and introduction of prescribed burns. The projects will occur in Dent, Iron, Oregon and Reynolds counties. The total amount for the six approved restoration projects is approximately $10.98 million.
These restoration activities are part of the ongoing Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration process under the Comprehensive Environmental Response, Compensation, and Liability Act (CERCLA) in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District. The Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District spans multiple counties from 40 to 90 miles southwest of St. Louis and is located in the Big River, Black River and St. Francois River watersheds. It is one of the largest lead-producing regions of the world. Funding for these selected projects comes from legal settlements with ASARCO, LLC and Freeport McMoRan for natural resources that were harmed by releases of lead and zinc from mining and smelting at sites in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District.
The purchase and restoration of high-quality habitats enable the trustees to compensate the public for the loss of natural resources as a result of lead and zinc contamination. Natural resources injured by the releases of mining-related contaminants include surface water, stream sediments, fish, aquatic invertebrates, migratory birds and their supporting habitats, such as streams, riparian corridors, forests and savannas. The property purchases will include additional lands for the U.S. Forest Service in the Black River watershed, add to the Bell Mountain Wilderness area in Iron County and infill other areas within their proclamation boundaries in Dent County. The property purchases in Iron, Oregon and Reynolds counties will be owned and managed by Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Habitat restoration projects such as eradication of non-native invasive plant species will be conducted on some of the newly acquired properties in addition to other areas already owned by the Forest Service in Washington, Crawford and Shannon Counties. Additionally, the Forest Service will conduct wetland restoration on the Mark Twain National Forest property on the upper West Fork of the Black River in Reynolds County.
More information is available on the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Natural Resource Damage Assessment Southeast Missouri Lead Mining Distrct webpage.
- Prior Property Proposal PDF Document
- Property Acquisitions and Supplemental Assessment
- Native Plant Diversity Restoration
- West Fork Black River Bottomland Restoration Project
- Frederick Creek Ranch Proposal
- Buildings for Babies Foundation Property
- Wilderness Connection Proposal
University Researchers and Agencies Release Draft Assessment Plan Addendum to Study Lead Effects on Songbirds: Study is part of Natural Resource Damage Assessment in Southeast Missouri
The study is part of an ongoing Natural Resource Damage Assessment and Restoration process conducted by co-trustees, including the department, the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, in the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District under CERCLA. The co-trustees are making the Draft Songbird Assessment Plan available for public review and comment.
Addendum to Damage Assessment Plan for the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District to include the Madison County Mine Site
The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service and the department, acting as trustees for natural resources, invited the public to an informational meeting in May 2015 to learn about the trustees’ draft Madison County Mines Site Addendum to the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District Damage Assessment Plan. The addendum is a keystone document in the natural resource damage assessment and restoration process at the site. The meeting was held at the Black River Electric Cooperative in Fredricktown.
The draft Madison County Mines plan is intended to ensure the natural resource damages assessment for the site is performed in a planned and systematic manner and that the methodologies selected for the future Injury Determination, Quantification and Damages Determination Phases can be conducted at a reasonable cost. Also available for public review and comment was the draft study plan for the crayfish population and in-situ toxicity, the first injury study to be conducted under the addendum.
Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan
The department, the U.S. Forest Service and U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service have developed a regional restoration plan to restore southeast Missouri’s natural resources injured by hazardous substances released from current and historic mining operations.
- Request for Proposals: Natural Resource Damage Restoration Projects for Riparian, Wetland and Floodplain Habitat U.S. Department of the Interior - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture - U.S. Forest Service, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, October 2014
- Strategic Restoration Implementation Plan U.S. Department of the Interior - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture - U.S. Forest Service, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, December 2015
- Viburnum Trend Lead Mining District Transition Zone Assessment Study Report, Missouri, USA (2014) Prepared by Michael Stroh, Missouri Department of Natural Resources; John Nichols, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, August 2014
- Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan and Environmental Assessment U.S. Department of the Interior - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture - U.S. Forest Service, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, June 2014
- Sampling and Analysis Plan for the Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District Small Mammal Study The Missouri Natural Resource Trustees: The Missouri Department of Natural Resources; the U.S. Forest Service and the U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service are conducting a field study to assess potential injuries to small mammal populations due to the release of hazardous substances from current and historical lead mining activities in Southeast Missouri, updated April 1, 2014
- Finding Of No Significant Impact U.S. Department of the Interior - U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture - U.S. Forest Service, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, August 2013
Southeast Missouri Ozarks Regional Restoration Plan Supporting Documents
- Statement of Work - Spatial distribution, geochemistry and storage of mining sediment in channel and floodplain deposits of streams draining the Viburnum Trend Mining District of Southeast Missouri, USA. Prepared by Dr. Robert T. Pavolwsky, Ph.D., Principle Investigator, Ozarks Environmental and Water Resources Institute, Missouri State University, July 16, 2012
- Sampling and Analysis Plan for the Viburnum Trend Lead Mining District Transition Zone Assessment Study -Prepared by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources and the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, July, 2012
- Natural Resource Damages Sampling and Analysis Report - Sediment and Surface Water Sampling of the Virburnum Trend Lead Mining Sites in Iron, Crawford, Washington, Reynolds, Shannon and Dent Counties on Aug. 29, 30 and 31, 2011 -- Prepared by the Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Feb. 2012
- The Distribution of Heavy Metals in Known and Potential Hine's Emerald Dragonfly (Somatachlora hineana) Habitat Near the Viburnum Trend Mining District of Southeast, Missouri, USA. (Jan. 2012) Prepared by J.S. Weber, U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. (Posted 1/6/12)
- Environmental Implications of Phosphate-Based Amendments in Heavy Metal Contaminated Alluvial Soils of the Big River, Southeast Missouri, USA. (2011) Prepared by John Weber, U.S. Department of Interior, Fish & Wildlife Service; Dr. Keith W. Goyne, University of Missouri; Dr. Todd Luxton, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency; Dr. Allen Thompson, Biological Engineering; Dr. John Yang, Lincoln University. (Posted 12/19/11)
- Sampling and Analysis Plan for Sediment and Surface Water Sampling of the Viburnum Trend Lead Mining Sites
- Heavy Metal Effects on Growth and Survival of Native Floodplain Species
- Channel Instability and Sediment Contamination Risk to Lower Big River Mussel Beds, Robert T. Pavlowsky, Ozarks Environmental and Water Resources Institute, Missouri State University. Oct. 7, 2010.
- Southeast Missouri Lead Mining District Damage Assessment Plan
- Appendix A - Threatened and Endangered Species
- Appendix B - Migratory Birds
- Addendum 1
- DRAFT Damages Assessment Plan Addendum
- Sediment Sampling and Mussel Survey
- Crayfish density study plan
- Migratory Bird Study Plan
- Native Floristic Quality Study Plan
- Riffle Fish Density Study Plan
- Toxicity of Metal Contaminated Sediments Study Plan
- Southeast Missouri Notice of Intent
- Sediment Toxicity Report (Besser et al. 2009)
- Big River Sediment Assessment Project
- Assessment of Freshwater Mussel Populations and Heavy Metal Sediment Contamination in the Big River
- Big River Long-Term Monitoring Methods
- Big River Mine Pre-assessment Screen
- Viburnum Trend Pre-assessment Screen (Sweetwater et al.)
- Notice of Intent - Attachment A
- Notice of Intent - Attachment B
- Notice of Intent - Attachment C
- Viburnum Trend Pre-Assessment Screen (Fletcher et al.)
- Effects of Lead-Zinc Mining on Benthic Fish Density in Riffles of the Big River
- Effects of Mining Derived Metals on Crayfish in the Big River
- Effects of Mining Derived Metals Contamination on Native Floristic Quality
- The Effect of Growing Native and Exotic Missouri Legumes in Mining Waste from the Tri-State Region and the Old Lead Belt of Missouri.
- Response to Comments on the Phase I Assessment Plan
- Viburnum Trend Water and Sediment Sampling - Hine's Emerald Dragonfly Survey
- Big River Borrow Pit Monitoring Project
- Distribution, Geochemistry, and Storage of Mining Sediments in Channel and Floodplain Deposits of the Big River System in St. Francois, Washington, and Jefferson Counties, Missouri Final Report
- Big River Barriers Report