Safety-Kleen Systems Inc. - Independence
EPA ID# MOD980973564
MoDNR Contact: Nathan Kraus, 573-751-3154 or 800-361-4827
Facility Contact: Paul Andrews, 225-778-3645
Last Updated: Dec. 20, 2019
- Former Company Name: Safety-Kleen Corp.
- Type of Facility: Permitted Commercial Hazardous Waste Storage.
- Wastes Handled: Flammables, household hazardous wastes, paint sludges, spent solvents and used oil, as well as various F- and K-listed hazardous wastes as specified in the Part A application.
- Location of hard copies of hazardous waste permit application, Part I and Part II Permits, modification requests, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Final Permit Issued: On Dec. 20, 2019, the department issued a final Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit for Safety-Kleen System’s Independence facility, effective immediately. Any parties adversely affected or aggrieved by department’s decision to issue the final Part I Permit, or specific conditions of the final Part I Permit, may be entitled to pursue an appeal before the Administrative Hearing Commission by filing a written petition by Jan. 21, 2020, as more fully described on pages 5 of the final Part I Permit.
Safety-Kleen currently is operating at the site under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. The status of Safety-Kleen’s partial closure and corrective action activities is described below. On March 22, 2017, Safety-Kleen submitted a permit application to the department and EPA to renew and update its existing hazardous waste permits.
After a thorough technical review of the permit application and opportunity for public comment, the department issued a final Part I Permit. The final permit allows Safety-Kleen to continue managing and storing hazardous waste at the facility. EPA decided not to prepare a Part II Permit, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility, beyond those contained in the final Part I Permit, and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting activities at the facility. EPA will terminate the continued Part II Permit upon issuance of the final Part I Permit.
The public can review and copy paper copies of the final Part I Permit and supporting documents at the Mid-Continent Public Library’s North Independence Branch, 317 W. Highway 24, Independence, Missouri (during normal business hours) or the agency locations above.
The Safety-Kleen Systems Inc.’s Independence facility is located on about 2.02 acres at 901 S. Yuma Ave. in Independence. Safety-Kleen operates a commercial hazardous waste storage facility at the site, which is part of a larger Safety-Kleen distribution/recycling network. This facility was designed to temporarily store spent solvents, paint wastes, lacquer thinner wastes and waste oil produced by Safety-Kleen’s customers. The majority of Safety-Kleen’s customers are small quantity hazardous waste generators such as automotive repair, industrial maintenance and dry cleaning businesses. The facility also stores other types of wastes on a 10-day transfer basis.Safety-Kleen currently operates two hazardous waste container storage areas, with a combined maximum capacity of 69,120 gallons, and one 15,000-gallon hazardous waste storage tank. The hazardous waste is stored in containers and tanks until enough waste is collected to ship off-site to a Safety-Kleen recycling facility or contract reclaimer for processing. The reclaimed, or “cleaned”, solvent is then returned to Safety-Kleen’s customers as usable product.
According to applicable state and federal hazardous waste laws and regulations, all hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities are required to investigate and clean up releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment at their facility resulting from present and past hazardous waste handling practices. In 1990, Ecology and Environment Inc. performed a Environmental Priorities Initiative Preliminary Assessment (EPI-PA) for the site, on behalf of EPA. The assessment, which is equivalent to a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Assessment, was conducted to identify and gather information on actual and potential releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment. The October 1990 EPI-PA Report did not identify any actual or potential releases and recommended no further investigation necessary at that time.
In June 2016, Safety-Kleen notified the department that they intended to close the container storage area in the service center building. Closure of the container storage area occurred in July 2016, and included removing the steel plating, decontaminating the floor and curbing and sampling sub-slab soil. The soil sample results showed several metals detected at levels below EPA screening levels for residential use. These metals also did not appear to be related to the facility operations. The department accepted Safety Kleen’s closure report and certification for the container storage area in April 2017, and considers the area “clean closed.”
When EPA implemented the federal hazardous waste laws under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) in 1980, all existing facilities that treated, stored or disposed of hazardous waste in a manner that would necessitate obtaining a hazardous waste permit were required to notify EPA and apply to get such a permit, unless the facility chose to close those operations. Because of the large number of existing facilities, Congress set up requirements which allowed these facilities to operate temporarily under the “interim status” portions of the federal and state hazardous waste laws until they received their permit. The Safety-Kleen Independence Service Center was granted interim status.
Safety-Kleen currently is operating at the site under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit, effective Dec. 20, 2019. The Part I Permit was originally issued with an EPA-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit in 1993, and reissued in 2007. EPA decided not to reissue the Part II Permit in 2019, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting activities at the facility.
The Part I Permit allows Safety-Kleen to store hazardous waste in containers and tanks at its Independence facility. The permit also requires corrective action in the event there is a release of hazardous waste to the environment. The regulated units under the current permit consists of two hazardous waste container storage areas, with a combined maximum capacity of 69,120 gallons, and one 15,000-gallon hazardous waste storage tank. Used oil and usable product are not regulated under RCRA, and thus exempt from hazardous waste permitting requirements.