Safety-Kleen Systems Inc. - Independence
EPA ID# MOD980973564
MoDNR Contact: Nathan Kraus, 573-751-3154 or 800-361-4827
Facility Contact: Paul Andrews, 225-778-3645
Last Updated: Oct. 25, 2019
- Former Company Name: Safety-Kleen Corp.
- Type of Facility: Permitted Commercial Hazardous Waste Storage.
- Wastes Handled: Flammables, household hazardous wastes, paint sludges, spent solvents and used oil, as well as various F- and K-listed hazardous wastes as specified in the Part A application.
- Location of hard copies of hazardous waste permit application, Part I and Part II Permits, modification requests, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Draft Permit Prepared: The department prepared a draft Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit for Safety-Kleen System’s Independence facility. The department invites the public to review and offer written comments on the draft Part I Permit until Dec. 9, 2019. During the public comment period, anyone can request a public meeting or public hearing about the draft permit. For more information, please contact Nathan Kraus by telephone at 573-526-5397 or 800-361-4827.
Safety-Kleen currently is operating at the site under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. The status of Safety-Kleen’s partial closure and corrective action activities is described below. On March 22, 2017 Safety-Kleen submitted a permit application to the department and EPA to renew and update its existing hazardous waste permits, which expired Sept. 27, 2017. The permits were continued in effect, as allowed by 10 CSR 25-7.270(1), incorporating 40 C.F.R. § 270.51, until the department and EPA issue or deny new hazardous waste permits.
After a thorough technical review of the permit application, the department prepared a draft Part I Permit for the Safety-Kleen Independence facility. The draft permit proposes to allow Safety-Kleen to continue managing and storing hazardous waste at the facility. EPA decided not to prepare a Part II Permit, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility, beyond those contained in the draft Part I Permit, and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting activities at the facility. According to 40 C.F.R. § 270.51(d), the continued Part II Permit will remain in effect until the department issues a new Part I Permit.
The public can review and copy paper copies of the complete permit application, draft Part I Permit and supporting documents at the Mid-Continent Public Library’s North Independence Branch, 317 W. Highway 24, Independence, Missouri (during normal business hours) or the agency locations above.
Comments on the draft permit are more effective if they point out legal or technical issues or provide information that is not in the record. You may submit written comments on the draft permit online or by mail to Nathan Kraus, PE, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Waste Management Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.
The Safety-Kleen Systems Inc.’s Independence facility is located on about 2.02 acres at 901 S. Yuma Ave. in Independence. Safety-Kleen operates a commercial hazardous waste storage facility at the site, which is part of a larger Safety-Kleen distribution/recycling network. This facility was designed to temporarily store spent solvents, paint wastes, lacquer thinner wastes and waste oil produced by Safety-Kleen’s customers. The majority of Safety-Kleen’s customers are small quantity hazardous waste generators such as automotive repair, industrial maintenance and dry cleaning businesses. The facility also stores other types of wastes on a 10-day transfer basis.Safety-Kleen currently operates two hazardous waste container storage areas, with a combined maximum capacity of 69,120 gallons, and one 15,000-gallon hazardous waste storage tank. The hazardous waste is stored in containers and tanks until enough waste is collected to ship off-site to a Safety-Kleen recycling facility or contract reclaimer for processing. The reclaimed, or “cleaned”, solvent is then returned to Safety-Kleen’s customers as usable product.
According to applicable state and federal hazardous waste laws and regulations, all hazardous waste treatment, storage and disposal facilities are required to investigate and clean up releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment at their facility resulting from present and past hazardous waste handling practices. In 1990, Ecology and Environment Inc. performed a Environmental Priorities Initiative Preliminary Assessment (EPI-PA) for the site, on behalf of EPA. The assessment, which is equivalent to a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) Facility Assessment, was conducted to identify and gather information on actual and potential releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment. The October 1990 EPI-PA Report did not identify any actual or potential releases and recommended no further investigation necessary at that time.
In June 2016, Safety-Kleen notified the department that they intended to close the container storage area in the service center building. Closure of the container storage area occurred in July 2016, and included removing the steel plating, decontaminating the floor and curbing and sampling sub-slab soil. The soil sample results showed several metals detected at levels below EPA screening levels for residential use. These metals also did not appear to be related to the facility operations. The department accepted Safety Kleen’s closure report and certification for the container storage area in April 2017, and considers the area “clean closed.”
When EPA implemented the federal hazardous waste laws under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) in 1980, all existing facilities that treated, stored or disposed of hazardous waste in a manner that would necessitate obtaining a hazardous waste permit were required to notify EPA and apply to get such a permit, unless the facility chose to close those operations. Because of the large number of existing facilities, Congress set up requirements which allowed these facilities to operate temporarily under the “interim status” portions of the federal and state hazardous waste laws until they received their permit. The Safety-Kleen Independence Service Center was granted interim status.
Safety-Kleen currently is operating at the site under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and EPA-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit, effective Sept. 27, 2007. The permits were first issued in 1993. These permits allow Safety-Kleen to store hazardous waste in containers and tanks. The regulated units under the current permits consist of one 15,000-gallon hazardous waste storage tank and three hazardous waste container storage areas, of which one has since been closed. The permit also requires corrective action in the event there is a release of hazardous waste to the environment. Used oil and usable product are not regulated under the federal Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA), and thus exempt from hazardous waste permitting requirements.
On March 22, 2017, Safety-Kleen submitted a permit application to renew its existing hazardous waste permits, which expired Sept. 27, 2017. Code of State Regulations 10 CSR 25-7.270(1) and Code of Federal Regulations 40 C.F.R. § 270.51, allow the existing hazardous waste permits to continue in effect until the department and EPA issue or deny new hazardous waste permits. The department determined the permit application was complete and approved the permit application for technical review on Sept. 27, 2017. After a thorough technical review of the permit application, the department prepared a draft Part I Permit for the Safety-Kleen Independence facility, which proposes to allow Safety-Kleen to continue managing and storing hazardous waste at the facility. The department invites the public to review and offer written comments on the draft Part I Permit during a 45-day public comment period which began Oct. 25, 2019, and ends Dec. 9, 2019.
EPA decided not to prepare a Part II Permit, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility, beyond those contained in the draft Part I Permit, and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting activities at the facility. According to 40 C.F.R. § 270.51(d), the continued Part II Permit will remain in effect until the department issues a new Part I Permit.