Solvent Recovery LLC
EPA ID# MOD000610766
MoDNR Contact: Abby Sawyer, 573-526-5397 or 800-361-4827
Facility Contact: T.J. McCaustland, 816-474-1391
Last Updated: May 29, 2020
- Former Company Name: Solvent Recovery Corp., Douglas Paint Co., Mobil Oil Co., Sr. Wall Paint and Varnish Co., Rizzel Paint
- Type of Facility: Permitted Commercial Hazardous Waste Treatment and Storage.
- Location of hard copies of hazardous waste permit application, hazardous waste permit, permit modification requests, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Final Permit Issued: On May 29, 2020, the department issued a final Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit for the Solvent Recovery LLC facility, effective immediately. Any parties adversely affected or aggrieved by the department’s decision to issue the final Part I Permit, or specific conditions of the final Part I Permit, may be entitled to pursue an appeal before the Administrative Hearing Commission by filing a written petition by June 29, 2020, as more fully described on pages 5 of the final Part I Permit.
Solvent Recovery was operating and conducting corrective action investigations and remediation activities at the site under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. On Jan. 31, 2015, Solvent Recovery submitted a permit application to the department and EPA to renew their existing hazardous waste permits. After a thorough technical review of the permit application and opportunity for public comment on a draft permit, the department issued a final Part I Permit for the Solvent Recovery facility. The final permit allows Solvent Recovery to continue storing, brokering and blending hazardous waste and requires Solvent Recovery to continue corrective action activities at the site.
EPA decided not to prepare a Part II Permit, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility, beyond those contained in the final Part I Permit, and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting and corrective action activities at the facility. EPA will terminate the existing Part II Permit upon issuance of the Part I Permit.
The public can review and copy paper copies of the final Part I Permit and supporting documents at the Kansas City Public Library's Central Library, 14 W. 10th St., Kansas City, Missouri (during normal business hours) or the agency location above.
The Solvent Recovery Corp. site is located at 716 Mulberry St. in Kansas City, Missouri. Rizzel Paint originally built the facility in 1926 and used it to manufacture paint and varnish. In 1946, Sr. Wall Paint and Varnish Co. purchased the property, expanded the varnish ovens and continued to produce paint and varnish. In 1954, Mobil Oil Co. assumed operation of the facility, but focused their efforts in the production of paints only. In 1968, Douglas Paint Co. acquired the property and manufactured paint until May 1980 when Solvent Recovery Corp. acquired the property. During the early 1980’s, Solvent Recovery installed several distillation units and, by 1988, stopped manufacturing paint.
In 1988, Riedel Environmental Technologies Inc. purchased the facility and Solvent Recovery Corp. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Riedel. The facility was sold to Burlington Environmental Inc. in 1992 and then again in 1993 to Philip Environmental, which later changed their name to Philip Services Corp., and most recently, PSC Environmental Services LLC. In 2014, PSC Environmental became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Stericycle Environmental Solutions LLC. During each of these transitions, Solvent Recovery Corp., which changed its name to Solvent Recovery LLC in 2010, remained a wholly owned subsidiary of the purchasing company.
Solvent Recovery currently operates a commercial hazardous waste treatment and storage facility at the site. Solvent Recovery transports a variety of hazardous waste produced by other hazardous waste generators to their facility. Bulk liquid materials are generally transported using tanker trucks, while other hazardous wastes arrive in 55-gallon drums. Hazardous waste container storage areas are located in the main building and the drum storage warehouse building. There is also a tank farm and a rail spur with loading and unloading facilities located on site.
Solvent Recovery’s main business is to process hazardous waste for re-use or energy recovery. Miscellaneous treatment units are used to extract paint and paint-related wastes from collected containers. Other hazardous wastes are “blended” with each other to created hazardous waste-derived fuel. The wastes are blended to achieve the desired characteristics, such as BTU value and metals and chlorine content. Solvent Recovery stores the resulting wastes in containers or tanks until shipped off-site to be used as supplemental fuel in cement kilns for energy recovery. Solvent Recovery also brokers wastes that cannot be fuel blended by collecting, consolidating and storing the waste until shipped to other facilities designed and permitted to handle that waste.
Solvent Recovery is permitted to handle most hazardous waste, other than dioxin or polychlorinated biphenyl greater than 50 parts per million. Solvent Recovery currently operates nine hazardous waste container storage areas with a combined maximum capacity of 226,662 gallons, three 30,000-gallon hazardous waste blend tanks and one miscellaneous hazardous waste treatment unit.
The permits issued to Solvent Recovery require them to investigate and clean up releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment at their facility resulting from present and past hazardous waste handling practices. Solvent Recovery has had several spills on site resulting in contamination. In May 1985, a plate bolt on the bottom of a tanker truck had worn a hole through the lining of the tank, allowing between 2,000 and 2,500 gallons of solvent to leak from the seam. All but 200 to 250 gallons of solvent were reportedly recovered along with contaminated soil for off-site disposal. A second spill occurred in January 1988, when a tanker truck tipped onto its nose in the parking lot. Approximately 200 to 300 gallons of waste spilled through the cap over the front compartment before the cap was replaced. A large amount of the waste and contaminated soil was removed for off-site disposal.
In 1989, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. performed a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA, Facility Assessment for the site, on behalf of EPA. The assessment was conducted to identify and gather information on actual and potential releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment. The 1989 RCRA Facility Assessment Report identified two solid waste management units, the Tank Truck Parking Lot and Stationary Rail Tank Car, that were recommended for additional investigation.
In response to the assessment, Riedel performed Phase I of a RCRA Facility Investigation to define the horizontal and vertical extent of any contamination at the site. In 1992, contaminated soil was discovered under the concrete floor in the Courtyard Area. The sample results showed soil contaminated with toluene, xylene and ethyl acetate. Approximately 40 to 50 cubic yards of contaminated and potentially contaminated soil was removed and disposed off-site. The area was backfilled with compacted clay and a new reinforced concrete floor was installed. The 1994 Phase I RCRA Facility Investigation Report identified the Courtyard Area as an additional solid waste management unit requiring additional investigation and corrective action, or cleanup.
In February 2001, an 11,000-gallon aboveground storage tank used for blending fuel (Super Blender) exploded. The tank was located within the boundaries of the Courtyard Area. An aluminum paste in the tank reacted with minor amounts of water, creating hydrogen gas, which led to the explosion and fire. The four-story part of the main building and the firewall of the process building shielded the blast and kept fuel from splattering in those directions. Splattered fuel did contaminate soil on-site, as well as on Landmark West Bottoms, Railroad and Department of Corrections properties. Most of the splattered fuel was cleaned up during the explosion response activities. Approximately 275,000 gallons of water from fire fighting activities, contained storm water and water from a pipe rupture in the drum storage building came in contact with the hazardous materials. An unknown amount of that water contaminated the soil on the north side of the Courtyard and Stationary Rail Tank Car areas.
Phase II of the RCRA Facility Investigation was completed in 2002 by Philip Environmental, on behalf of Solvent Recovery. Since that time, additional investigations have been performed to fill in data gaps. Solvent Recovery also submitted a draft Corrective Measures Study to the department to identify and evaluate possible remedial alternatives for the soil and groundwater contamination. Solvent Recovery also operates a soil vapor extraction system to remove contaminants from the soil in the Courtyard, Stationary Rail Car and Tank Truck Parking Lot, in order to reduce or prevent unacceptable risks to human health and the environment. Solvent Recovery currently samples groundwater on site twice a year. When the investigations are complete, the department and EPA will review the possible remedial measures and select the best remedy given site-specific considerations.
When EPA implemented the federal hazardous waste laws under the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) in 1980, all existing facilities that treated, stored or disposed hazardous waste in a way that would require a hazardous waste permit were required to notify EPA and apply for the permit or close those operations. Because of the large number of existing facilities, Congress set up requirements that allowed these facilities to operate temporarily under “interim status”, 40 C.F.R. Part 265, until it received its permit. The Solvent Recovery facility was granted interim status.
Solvent Recovery currently is operating and conducting corrective action activities under a department-issued Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit, effective May 29, 2020. The Part I Permit was originally issued with an EPA-issued Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit in 1991, and reissued in 2005. EPA decided not to reissue the Part II Permit in 2020, since EPA has no site-specific conditions for the facility, beyond those contained in the final Part I Permit, and Missouri is fully authorized for all permitting and corrective action activities at the facility. The Part I Permit allows Solvent Recovery to treat and store various F-, K-, P- and U-listed hazardous wastes in containers and tanks. The Part I Permit also requires Solvent Recovery to implement a site-wide corrective action program to address releases of hazardous waste to the environment. The regulated units under the current permits consist of nine container storage areas, three blend tanks and one miscellaneous treatment unit.