Solvent Recovery LLC
EPA ID# MOD000610766
MoDNR Contact: Bill Fanksa, 573-751-3553 or 800-361-4827
Facility Contact: James Treloar, 816-474-1391
Last Updated: April 1, 2016
- Former Company Name: Solvent Recovery Corp., Douglas Paint Co., Mobil Oil Co., Sr. Wall Paint and Varnish Co., Rizzel Paint
- Type of Facility: Permitted Commercial Hazardous Waste Treatment and Storage.
- Wastes Handled: Aqueous wastes,construction debris, contaminated soil, corrosives, degreaser, flammables, household hazardous wastes, ink, miscellaneous sludges/solids, paint sludges, petroleum-contaminated wastes, PCBs <50 parts per million, resins, sealers, solvents, as well as various F-, K- P- and U-listed hazardous wastes as specified in the Part A application.
- Treatment and Disposal Methods: Fuel blending.
- Location of hard copies of hazardous waste permit application, Part I and Part II Permits, modification requests, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Permit Application for Renewal Complete: On Jan. 31, 2015, Solvent Recovery submitted a permit application to the department and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 7, to renew their existing Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. The department determined the permit application was complete and invites the public to review and offer written comments on the permit application while the department conducts a technical review of the permit application.
The public can review and copy the permit application and supporting documents at the Kansas City Public Library's Central Library, 14 W. 10th St., Kansas City, Missouri (during normal business hours) or the agency locations above. Comments on the permit application are more effective if they point out legal or technical issues. You may submit written comments online or by mail to Bill Fanska, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Hazardous Waste Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.
The Solvent Recovery Corp. site is located at 716 Mulberry St. in Kansas City, Missouri. Rizzel Paint originally built the facility in 1926 and used it to manufacture paint and varnish. In 1946, Sr. Wall Paint and Varnish Co. purchased the property, expanded the varnish ovens and continued to produce paint and varnish. In 1954, Mobil Oil Co. assumed operation of the facility, but focused their efforts in the production of paints only. In 1968, Douglas Paint Co. acquired the property and manufactured paint until May 1980 when Solvent Recovery Corp. acquired the property. During the early 1980’s, Solvent Recovery installed several distillation units and, by 1988, stopped manufacturing paint.
In 1988, Riedel Environmental Technologies Inc. purchased the facility and Solvent Recovery Corp. became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Riedel. The facility was sold to Burlington Environmental Inc. in 1992 and then again in 1993 to Philip Environmental, which later changed their name to Philip Services Corp., and most recently, PSC Environmental Services LLC. In 2014, PSC Environmental became a wholly-owned subsidiary of Stericycle Environmental Solutions LLC. During each of these transitions, Solvent Recovery Corp., which changed its name to Solvent Recovery LLC in 2010, remained a wholly owned subsidiary of the purchasing company.
Solvent Recovery currently operates a commercial hazardous waste treatment and storage facility at the site. Solvent Recovery transports a variety of hazardous waste produced by other hazardous waste generators to their facility. Bulk liquid materials are generally transported using tanker trucks, while other hazardous wastes arrive in 55-gallon drums. Hazardous waste container storage areas are located in the main building and the drum storage warehouse building. There is also a tank farm and a rail spur with loading and unloading facilities located on site.
Solvent Recovery’s main business is to process hazardous waste for re-use or energy recovery. Miscellaneous treatment units are used to extract paint and paint-related wastes from collected containers. Other hazardous wastes are “blended” with each other to created hazardous waste-derived fuel. The wastes are blended to achieve the desired characteristics, such as BTU value and metals and chlorine content. Solvent Recovery stores the resulting wastes in containers or tanks until shipped off-site to be used as supplemental fuel in cement kilns for energy recovery. Solvent Recovery also brokers wastes that cannot be fuel blended by collecting, consolidating and storing the waste until shipped to other facilities designed and permitted to handle that waste.
Solvent Recovery is permitted to handle most hazardous waste, other than dioxin or polychlorinated biphenyl greater than 50 parts per million. Under their 2005 hazardous waste permits, Solvent Recovery was allowed to operate eight hazardous waste container storage areas with a combined capacity of 2,891 fifty-five gallon containers, one roll-off container storage area with a maximum capacity of eight 40 cubic yard roll-off containers, two miscellaneous hazardous waste treatment units and three 30,000-gallon hazardous waste blend tanks. On date, the department approved Solvent Recovery’s Class 2 permit modification request to move permitted storage capacity from an upper floor in the building to the ground floor decreasing the total storage capacity for the facility by 165 gallons.
The permits issued to Solvent Recovery require them to investigate and clean up releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment at their facility resulting from present and past hazardous waste handling practices. Solvent Recovery has had several spills on site resulting in contamination. In May 1985, a plate bolt on the bottom of a tanker truck had worn a hole through the lining of the tank, allowing between 2,000 and 2,500 gallons of solvent to leak from the seam. All but 200 to 250 gallons of solvent were reportedly recovered along with contaminated soil for off-site disposal. A second spill occurred in January 1988, when a tanker truck tipped onto its nose in the parking lot. Approximately 200 to 300 gallons of waste spilled through the cap over the front compartment before the cap was replaced. A large amount of the waste and contaminated soil was removed for off-site disposal.
In 1989, Jacobs Engineering Group Inc. performed a Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA, Facility Assessment for the site, on behalf of EPA. The assessment was conducted to identify and gather information on actual and potential releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment. The 1989 RCRA Facility Assessment Report identified two solid waste management units, the Tank Truck Parking Lot and Stationary Rail Tank Car, that were recommended for additional investigation.
In response to the assessment, Riedel performed Phase I of a RCRA Facility Investigation to define the horizontal and vertical extent of any contamination at the site. In 1992, contaminated soil was discovered under the concrete floor in the Courtyard Area. The sample results showed soil contaminated with toluene, xylene and ethyl acetate. Approximately 40 to 50 cubic yards of contaminated and potentially contaminated soil was removed and disposed off-site. The area was backfilled with compacted clay and a new reinforced concrete floor was installed. The 1994 Phase I RCRA Facility Investigation Report identified the Courtyard Area as an additional solid waste management unit requiring additional investigation and corrective action, or cleanup.
In February 2001, an 11,000-gallon aboveground storage tank used for blending fuel (Super Blender) exploded. The tank was located within the boundaries of the Courtyard Area. An aluminum paste in the tank reacted with minor amounts of water, creating hydrogen gas, which led to the explosion and fire. The four-story part of the main building and the firewall of the process building shielded the blast and kept fuel from splattering in those directions. Splattered fuel did contaminate soil on-site, as well as on Landmark West Bottoms, Railroad and Department of Corrections properties. Most of the splattered fuel was cleaned up during the explosion response activities. Approximately 275,000 gallons of water from fire fighting activities, contained storm water and water from a pipe rupture in the drum storage building came in contact with the hazardous materials. An unknown amount of that water contaminated the soil on the north side of the Courtyard and Stationary Rail Tank Car areas.
Phase II of the RCRA Facility Investigation was completed in 2002 by Philip Environmental, on behalf of Solvent Recovery. Since that time, additional investigations have been performed to fill in data gaps. Solvent Recovery also submitted a draft Corrective Measures Study to the department to identify and evaluate possible remedial alternatives for the soil and groundwater contamination. Solvent Recovery also operates a soil vapor extraction system to remove contaminants from the soil in the Courtyard, Stationary Rail Car and Tank Truck Parking Lot, in order to reduce or prevent unacceptable risks to human health and the environment. Solvent Recovery currently samples groundwater on site twice a year. When the investigations are complete, the department and EPA will review the possible remedial measures and select the best remedy given site-specific considerations.
Solvent Recovery is operating and conducting corrective action activities under two hazardous waste permits, one issued by the department and one issued by EPA, both effective March 30, 2005. The permits were first issued in 1991. The department reissued the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit. EPA reissued the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. These permits allow Solvent Recovery to treat and store in containers and tanks, various F-, K-, P- and U-listed hazardous wastes as specified in the Part A application. The regulated units under the current permits consist of eight container storage areas, two miscellaneous treatment units and three blend tanks. These permits also require implementation of a site-wide corrective action program to address releases of hazardous waste or hazardous constituents to the environment.
On Feb. 5, 2015, the department approved Solvent Recovery’s Class 2 Permit Modification request, allowing Solvent Recovery to move permitted storage capacity from an upper floor in the building to the ground floor. The change in total storage capacity for the facility decreased by 165 gallons.
Solvent Recovery submitted a permit application on Jan. 31, 2015, to renew their existing hazardous waste permits. Solvent Recovery’s existing hazardous waste permits expired March 30, 2015. State and federal regulations, 40 CFR 270.51, allow the existing hazardous waste permits to continue in effect until the department and EPA issue or deny new hazardous waste permits. The department determined the permit application was complete on March 2, 2015. The department is conducting a technical review of the permit application.