Bannister Federal Complex
The approximately 309 acre property is located 10 miles south of downtown Kansas City. The site is bordered by Troost Avenue to the west, a wooded bluff and Legacy Park to the north, Blue River to the east and Indian Creek and Bannister Road to the south. The facility is currently owned by Bannister Transformation & Development LLC (BT&D) and the General Services Administration. Railroad tracks divide the property north to south and split the property between the two owners. The General Services Administration leases the property east of the railroad tracks to the U. S. Marine Corps under a long term lease and is the owner of the former Department of Defense forty acre landfill located in the southeast portion of the complex.
Current Site Activities
Following the governor’s Oct. 16, 2017, approval of the early transfer request, the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)/National Nuclear Safety Administration (NNSA) transferred the property west of the railroad tracks to BT&D on Nov. 15, 2017. The Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit was subsequently updated on Jan. 23, 2018. BT&D has now assumed the responsibility for completing corrective action and site remediation on their portion of the site.
BT&D and its contractors have developed a Bannister Federal Complex Master Demolition Plan and the Bannister Federal Complex Abatement and Demolition Plan Supplements to demolish the main facility and nearly every other building west of the railroad tracks. The demolition will include, but is not limited to, the following: asbestos abatement, beryllium removal, heavy metal containing paint removal, polychlorinated biphenyls contaminated structure removal, hazardous sludge removal, mercury spill procedures and areas of cleanup. After the demolition is finished, BT&D will continue with remediation and regrade the site in anticipation of redevelopment. Plans have also been written for the replacement of the stormwater system, water and power lines and regrading of the site in Site Civil documents and drawings, including detailed safety and health plans for protection of site workers and the public living near the Bannister Federal Complex. The activities are anticipated to take six years to complete.
Missouri Department of Natural Resources staff is onsite to oversee field and sampling activities, perform site inspections and respond to public concerns and questions as needed. Staff continues to review technical documents and provide comments to BT&D now that a portion of the site has transferred. Staff will remain at the site throughout the demolition, remediation and regrading work.
The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers, on behalf of General Services Administration, completed an environmental remedial investigation report of the landfill in October 2016. The Corps will produce a feasibility study to evaluate remedial alternatives to address the findings in the remedial investigation report.
The facility was constructed in 1942 to manufacture airplane engines on-site for the U.S. Navy. In 1948, the plant switched from propeller to jet engines which were manufactured until 1961. Beginning in 1949, DOE/NNSA began manufacturing operations, including manufacture of non-nuclear components for nuclear weapons. The portion of the facility owned by DOE/NNSA was known as the Kansas City Plant. The components manufactured at the Kansas City Plant included: electrical, electronic, electromechanical, mechanical, plastic and non-fissionable metal components.
After the U.S. Navy stopped production, the portions that DOE did not already own were placed under the ownership and management of General Services Administraion. As a result of the various manufacturing operations at the site, hazardous materials were stored, used and transferred. Depleted uranium and metallic uranium were also used in manufacturing processes by DOE/NNSA at the Bannister Federal Complex. Historical on-site releases of hazardous materials have resulted in contaminated soil and groundwater. Releases from an underground tank farm, a trichloroethylene reclamation facility, a plating building and various industrial practices performed throughout the site have resulted in large soil and groundwater contaminant plumes. The contaminant plumes contain solvents, polychlorinated biphenyls and petroleum products. Additionally, building materials such as asbestos, polychlorinated biphenyls and heavy metal containing paint are located throughout the facility buildings. Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit for the Kansas City Plant was expanded in October 2009 to cover the entire Bannister Federal Complex.
DOE and GSA shared the portion of the site that is now owned by BT&D, this included the main facility at the site which housed DOE and General Services Administration employees, including the Kansas City Plant. Other building space was leased to other federal agencies. On Aug. 31, 2014, DOE/NNSA vacated the Kansas City Plant portion of the Bannister Federal Complex to the National Security Campus at Highway 150 and Botts Road, in Kansas City. General Services Administration staff moved from its portion of the Bannister Federal Complex to an office near Union Station in downtown Kansas City. All General Services Administration lessees on what is now the BT&D portion of the facility relocated by December 2015. General Services Administration leases the property east of the railroad tracks to the U. S. Marine Corps under a long term lease, and is the owner of the former Department of Defense forty acre landfill located in the southeast portion of the complex.
Early Transfer Process at the Bannister Federal Complex
Federal property can be transferred prior to the completion of all remedial action, through the early transfer process. Early transfer is a process involving a number of required steps that ultimately requires the governor’s approval and ends when the site is remediated to the agreed upon level. The DOE/NNSA determined that an early transfer, with clean-up responsibilities being transferred to the new owner, would be the best way to address the future of the now vacant portion of the site. DOE/NNSA initiated this process with submission of a Letter of Intent to the governor on Feb. 26, 2015.
CenterPoint Properties (now BT&D) was chosen as the preferred developer for the site. A report to congress specified $22 million for BT&D to perform the due diligence that was published in the Due Diligence Summary Reports and was necessary for demolition and remediation plans listed above.
The most important submittal in the early transfer process is the Covenant Deferral Request. The Covenant Deferral Request package includes a Finding of Suitability for Early Transfer. The Finding of Suitability for Early Transfer includes a description of the site’s current status, including an overview of the known contamination which is further explained in the Description of Current Conditions a brief description of the activities that will be performed following the transfer of the site, including the demolition, remediation and changes to the geography of the site, which is expanded upon in the Corrective Measures Report, the Master Demolition Plan, the Bannister Federal Complex Abatement and Demolition Plan Supplements and Site Civil. A plan for the intended future use of the site is provided in the CDR package as well.
DOE/NNSA’s Covenant Defferal Request package was submitted to the governor in September 2017. Following the governor’s Oct. 16, 2017, approval of an early transfer request, DOE/NNSA transferred the property west of the railroad tracks to BT&D on Nov. 15, 2017.
With transfer of the property, the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit was subsequently updated on Jan. 23, 2018. BT&D has now assumed the responsibility for completing corrective action and site remediation on their portion of the site. It is currently estimated that it will take BT&D until roughly August 2023 to perform over $2 million of demolition, remediation and site civil work, with oversight by the state and DOE/NNSA. General Services Administration will remain the permit holder for the area east of the railroad tracks. The transfer also included a small piece of noncontiguous property referred to as the “Tower Site,” which is not part of the permitted property.