LEGITIMATE RECYCLING OF USED CATHODE RAY TUBES
|Hazardous Waste Program fact sheet||
|Division of Environmental Quality Acting Director: Steve Feeler||
Cathode Ray Tubes (CRTs) are the video display components of televisions and computer monitors. The glass in CRTs typically contains enough lead to require management as hazardous waste. Missouri hazardous waste management law and regulations include conditional exemptions for the legitimate recycling and reuse of used CRTs as defined in Chapter 40 of the Code of Federal Regulations (CFR), part 261.
Used Intact CRTs
- Are not considered a hazardous waste until they are disposed of or speculatively accumulated
- May be sent for processing to recover plastics, circuit boards, wiring, etc. prior to glass disposal
- Must be managed as a hazardous waste if going directly to a disposal facility
Used Broken CRTs
- Must be destined for recycling to remain exempt from hazardous waste regulations
- Glass must be recycled to remain exempt from hazardous waste regulations
- If the glass is destined for treatment, disposal, or storage in excess of one year, the used, broken CRTs must be managed as a hazardous waste
- Must be clearly labeled according to 40 CFR 261.39(a)(2)
- Must be stored and transported in a manner to minimize releases
- Must be processed inside a building
To qualify for recycling exemptions
- Materials must not be speculatively accumulated
- Materials must have a known market
- Materials must be treated as valuable
- Materials must not be used in a manner constituting disposal
- Materials must not be exported without notifying EPA and obtaining consent from the receiving country through EPA
Speculative accumulation is prohibited in each of the categories above. This means that the person accumulating materials before recycling must be able to show that the material is potentially recyclable and has a feasible means of being recycled. Also, during the calendar year, beginning on Jan. 1, the amount of material that is recycled or sent to a different site for recycling must equal at least 75 percent by weight or volume of the amount of that material that was accumulated at the beginning of the period. Examples of legitimate recycling of CRT glass include use as a fluxing agent at a permitted lead smelter, use as an ingredient at a permitted glass-to-glass facility, use as an ingredient at a permitted tile manufacturer.
Please note: Use as alternative daily cover and long-term storage are not recycling activities.
To learn more about electronics recycling in Missouri visit www.e-cyclemo.org.
Televisions as Hazardous Waste
Businesses that choose not to reuse or recycle televisions must manage them as hazardous waste. Businesses must abide by applicable hazardous waste laws and regulations. For more information about managing hazardous waste, see our fact sheet Does Your Business Generate Hazardous Waste? available online at www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub117.pdf.
Code of Federal Regulations is available at www.gpoaccess.gov/cfr/index.html. Copies may be purchased from a U.S. Government Bookstore, the U.S. Government Printing Office or from a commercial information service such as the Bureau of National Affairs.
For More Information
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Hazardous Waste Program
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
800-361-4827 or 573-751-7560