ENVIRONMENTAL REGULATIONS FOR DEMOLITION

Hazardous Waste Program fact sheet
04/2014
Division of Environmental Quality Director: Leanne Tippett Mosby
PUB2374

Projects Checklist

Disclaimer: The checklist is intended to help those planning a demolition project in Missouri to comply with various laws and regulations intended to protect human health and the environment.

This checklist is not intended, nor can it be relied on, to create any rights enforceable by any party in litigation. It is recommended you contact the county or city of jurisdiction to determine if additional local requirements apply to your situation.

Contact information for the Missouri Department of Natural Resources and specific programs referenced in the checklist is found at the end of this document.

Pre-Planning

 

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All public, commercial and, in some cases residential structures must be inspected by a Missouri certified asbestos inspector prior to beginning any demolition or renovation project. A listing of currently certified asbestos inspectors is available on the department’s website at www.dnr.mo.gov/env/apcp/asbestos.htm or by calling the Air Pollution Control Program.

 

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Determine if there are hazardous materials in the building such as lead pipes, lead paint, thermostats, fluorescent bulbs, batteries, pesticides, cleaners and other chemicals that would become hazardous wastes if intended for discard. If so, additional regulations may apply. Contact the Hazardous Waste Program for guidance. For more information about recommended management of mercury-containing devices, see EPA’s fact sheet Before You Tear it Down Get the Mercury Out at http://www.epa.gov/mercury/pdfs/EPA-905-F-11-008.pdf

 

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Hazardous fluorescent bulbs, thermostats, pesticides and batteries in good condition may be managed as universal waste. If not managed as universal waste, these materials would need to be characterized to determine if they are hazardous waste for proper on-site management and disposal. For more information see the fact sheet The Universal Waste Rule in Missouri  http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub2058.htm

 

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Hazardous and non-hazardous fluorescent bulbs may be taken to a recycler. More information about managing fluorescent bulbs is in the department’s Fluorescent Lamps  fact sheet at http://dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub24.htm  

 

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Are there abandoned cisterns or wells? If so, additional regulations may apply. Contact the Department’s Missouri Geological Survey Wellhead Protection Section for guidance at http://dnr.mo.gov/geology/index.html

 

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Are there above- or below-ground petroleum storage tanks? If so, additional regulations may apply. Contact the Hazardous Waste Program Tanks Compliance and Technology Unit  at http://dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/tanks/enfcomp.htm for guidance about underground storage tanks and the Missouri Department of Agriculture for above-ground and propane tanks.

 

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Are there air conditioning units or refrigeration units with refrigerants such as chlorofluorocarbons, or CFCs? If so, contact the CFC Stratospheric Ozone Hotline at 800-296-1996 about management of CFCs.

 

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Are there light ballasts that may contain Polychlorinated Biphenyls, or PCBs? If so, additional regulations may apply. Contact the Hazardous Waste Program for guidance.

 

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Identify the recycling or disposal facility receiving the demolition waste to ensure it can receive it or for any restriction or special requirement they may have for the waste.

 

Notifications

 

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Submit a Closure Notice form (780-2121) 30-days prior to underground storage tank closure and notify the Hazardous Waste Program’s Tanks Section three days before beginning closure activities. This form can be found at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-2121-f.pdf

 

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Register with the Hazardous Waste Program as a hazardous waste generator if generating or accumulating 220 pounds or more of hazardous waste per month.

 

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Most construction and demolition and renovation contractors are considered conditionally exempt small quantity generators. Note: Acutely hazardous wastes become regulated at 2.2 pounds.

 

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Submit an Asbestos National Emissions Standards for Hazardous Air Pollutants, or NESHAP, Notification of Demolition and Renovation form (780-1923) this form can be found at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1923-f.pdf to the Air Pollution Control Program at least 10 business days prior to demolition start date of any regulated structure (public, commercial and in some cases residential). Include a copy of the asbestos inspection report by a Missouri certified asbestos inspector. Note that local health departments may have stricter requirements.

 

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Submit an Asbestos Project Notification form (780-1226) to the Air Pollution Control. This form can be found at http://dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1226-f.pdf

 

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Program at least 10 business days prior to the asbestos abatement project start date. This is required if removal or disturbance of greater than 160 square feet, 260 linear feet or 35 cubic feet of regulated asbestos-containing materials will occur during the demolition project. Note that local health departments may have stricter requirements.

 

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Submit an Abandonment Registration Record form (780-1603) to the department’s Wellhead Protection Section for the plugging of an abandoned well. This form can be found at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1603-f.pdf

 

Demolition and Post Demolition Activities

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Recovered materials that can be reused or be made into new products must be used in some way to remain exempt from regulation as solid waste. Potentially recoverable materials include clean fill, metals, plastics, glass, electrical wire, asphalt shingles and wood.

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If light ballasts were manufactured before 1979 or manufactured after 1979 and do not have labels stating they do not contain PCBs, assume they contain PCBs. Carefully remove light ballasts to prevent PCB leaks and remove and contain leaking ballasts in a manner that minimizes contamination. Use a licensed transporter to transport PCB waste for disposal.

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Universal wastes must be properly removed and transported to a universal waste handler or destination facility.

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Hazardous wastes must be appropriately packaged, marked and labeled and transported to a treatment, storage and disposal facility or certified resource recovery facility. The transporter must have a valid EPA generator identification number and active Missouri hazardous waste transporter license.

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Properly close petroleum storage tanks in place or by removal. Asbestos-containing materials must be removed by a Missouri registered asbestos contractor prior to demolition if the amount of regulated asbestos containing material is greater than 160 square feet, 260 linear feet or 35 cubic feet.

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Manage remaining asbestos-containing material in the structure in a manner that will keep it from being broken-up, made friable or becoming regulated asbestos containing material.

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Minimize dust during demolition and prevent dust from leaving property boundaries.

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Intentional burning and other training activities for the purpose of training and instructing fire protection, law enforcement or emergency personnel are exempt from Missouri open burning regulations as long as the exercise conforms to the limitation described in the regulation, does not cause or constitute hazards to air or vehicular traffic and does not cause a violation of any other regulation. However, structures used for training exercises remain subject to state and federal asbestos regulations.

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All regulated asbestos-containing material and all petroleum-based products (in the case of fire training) such as asphalt shingles and vinyl tile must be removed prior to the training exercise.
Note: The intentional burning of a structure as a method of demolition or disposal is prohibited. Demolition debris from a previously demolished structure cannot be burned.

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Properly plug abandoned wells and cisterns.

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Clean fill, which is uncontaminated soil, rock, sand, gravel, concrete, asphaltic concrete, cinderblock and brick with minimal amounts of wood, metal or other inert solids approved by the department, may be used as fill on-site, with the permission of the property owner. If clean fill will come in contact with surface water or subsurface water, contact the Water Protection Program for guidance.

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Major appliances except for microwaves cannot be disposed of in landfills and should be salvaged.

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Demolition debris must be transported to a permitted landfill or transfer station.

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All asbestos-containing materials must be disposed of in a permitted landfill. Contact the landfill prior to transporting the materials to obtain special handling requirements.

Additional Resources
Missouri Department of Agriculture, Aboveground Petroleum Tanks and Propane Tanks 573-751-4278 http://mda.mo.gov/weights/petroleum/
Code of State Regulations: http://www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/current/10csr/10csr.asp.
Lead abatement in Missouri: http://health.mo.gov/safety/leadlicensing/index.php
Additional department fact sheets and publications are available on the Web at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/index.html or by contacting the Department of Natural Resources.

For More Information

Missouri Department of Natural Resources
P.O. Box 176,
Jefferson City, M0 65102
800-361-4827

Hazardous Waste Program                             
573-751-3176                        
http://dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/index.html

Air Pollution Control Program      
573-751-4817                 
http://dnr.mo.gov/env/apcp/index.html

Solid Waste Management Program    
573-751-5401                 
http://dnr.mo.gov/env/swmp/index.html

Water Protection Program                    
573-751-1300                 
http://dnr.mo.gov/env/wpp/index.html

Wellhead Protection Section                 
573-368-2165                 
http://dnr.mo.gov/geology/geosrv/wellhd/index.html