HAZARDOUS WASTE SATELLITE ACCUMULATION
|Hazardous Waste Program fact sheet||
|Division of Environmental Quality Director: Leanne Tippett Mosby||
This fact sheet provides general information about Missouri’s satellite accumulation regulations. Please be aware that Missouri regulation regarding satellite accumulation currently differs from federal regulations. Facilities seeking more information may also want to review the fact sheet, Does Your Business Generate Hazardous Waste? (PUB117), available on the department’s web site at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub117.pdf or by calling the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-3176 or 1-800-361-4827.
What is satellite accumulation?
Satellite accumulation is the storage of hazardous waste at the point of production. Businesses that produce hazardous waste are allowed to store small amounts of hazardous waste at or near the equipment or process that generated the waste. Satellite accumulation is allowed when the hazardous waste is stored in an area under immediate control of the operator of the process that generates the waste. Satellite accumulation areas do not have to meet the full requirements that apply to non-satellite or hazardous waste permitted storage areas. The hazardous waste can be kept in satellite accumulation for up to one year before the facility has to meet the generator requirements for storing hazardous waste.
What are the Requirements for Satellite Accumulation Areas?
Federal and state regulations require hazardous waste generators to meet specific standards for storing hazardous wastes. Satellite accumulation areas do not have to meet the full requirements; however, they must meet the conditions listed below. If a satellite accumulation area is not meeting these conditions, the workers could be operating the facility in a way that increases the risk of fire, release or other emergency, violating the federal regulations located in 40 CFR 265.31, included in the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Regulations. See the listings at the end of this document to find the Code of Federal Regulations online.
- Satellite accumulation areas must only contain hazardous waste produced at or near the equipment or process that generated the hazardous waste.
- Satellite accumulation areas must be located where the process or equipment operator has a clear view of the satellite area when the generating process or equipment is operating.
- Satellite accumulation areas must not store more than one kilogram of acutely hazardous waste or 55 gallons of any non-acutely hazardous waste stream. When the amount of hazardous waste has reached its stated limit, the waste container must be moved to a hazardous waste generator storage area, a permitted storage area or shipped off-site for legal management within three calendar days.
- There is no limit to the number of different hazardous wastes that can be in the same satellite area. When a satellite hazardous waste container is full, it must be dated, marked, and labeled according to the requirements for generator storage of hazardous waste. The container must be then be placed in a regulated storage area within three days of the date on the container or shipped off-site to a permitted Treatment, Storage, and Disposal (TSD) facility using a licensed hazardous waste transporter. A satellite accumulation hazardous waste container cannot be moved from one satellite accumulation area to another.
- Containers used for satellite accumulation must be in good condition and made of materials compatible with the hazardous wastes that are placed in the containers.
- Containers in satellite accumulation areas must be properly marked identifying their hazardous waste contents and the date when satellite accumulation began in that container.
- Containers in satellite accumulation areas must be kept securely closed unless waste is being added or removed. The waste must be handled in a way that prevents or minimizes the possibility of exposure, loss of vapors, spills, fires, etc.
- Partially full containers cannot be stored in satellite accumulation areas for more than one year from the date when satellite accumulation began in that container. The waste container must be moved to a hazardous waste generator storage area, a permitted storage area, or shipped off-site for legal disposal at or before the end of that year.
How can I get copies of hazardous waste laws and regulations?
Missouri Revised Statutes (RSMo), including the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Law, are available through the Revisor of Statutes, (573) 526-1288, or online through the Missouri General Assembly Web site at http://www.moga.mo.gov/.
Missouri Code of State Regulations (CSR) is available through the Missouri Secretary of State, 573-751-4015, or online at http://www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/csr.asp .
The Code of Federal Regulations (CFR) is available at federal depository libraries or online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?collectionCode=CFR. To purchase a copy, contact a U.S. Government Bookstore, the U.S. Government Printing Office or it may be purchased from a commercial information service, such as the Bureau of National Affairs.
For More Information
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Division of Environmental Quality
Hazardous Waste Program
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
1-800-361-4827 or 573-751-7560