MANAGING CONDITIONALLY EXEMPT SMALL QUANTITIES OF HAZARDOUS WASTE
|Hazardous Waste Program fact sheet||
|Division of Environmental Quality Director: Leanne Tippett Mosby||
This fact sheet provides general information to help Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG) businesses manage their hazardous waste safely and legally. It is for general guidance only. Businesses should refer to the appropriate state and federal laws and regulations and review the fact sheet, Does Your Business Generate Hazardous Waste? (Pub117), available on the Missouri Department of Natural Resources’ (department) Web site at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub117.htm or by calling the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032 or 1-800-361-4827.
What is hazardous waste?
The Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Law requires all businesses to determine if their waste is hazardous waste. In order to understand what hazardous waste is, you must first determine if you have a solid waste. The definition of a solid waste is based on the fact that the material is a waste, not that it is a solid rather than a liquid or gas. Solid wastes include the following materials:
- Materials that have been or are intended to be thrown away or are being stored indefinitely instead of being thrown away
- Materials that are recycled
- Materials that are naturally waste-like
- Waste military weapons and ammunitions that are solid waste as identified in 40 CFR 266.202
A hazardous waste is any solid waste that is flammable, corrosive, reactive, toxic or is listed (identified) as a hazardous waste in federal or state regulations. Hazardous waste listings and definitions are located in the Code of Federal Regulations, Title 40, Part 261, Subparts C and D (40 CFR 261).
What is a Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generator (CESQG)?
Many businesses and institutions generate hazardous waste. Federal and state regulations require hazardous waste generators to meet standards for handling hazardous wastes. The federal regulations are located in 40 CFR 261.5. The state regulations are located in the Missouri Code of State Regulations, Title 10, Division 25, Chapter 4 (10 CSR 25-4.261(2)(A)). The standards the generator must follow depend on the amount and type of hazardous waste they generate in one calendar month or accumulate at any one time.
Businesses that generate or accumulate very small amounts of hazardous wastes might be exempt from many, but not all, of the generator standards. These businesses are Conditionally Exempt Small Quantity Generators or CESQGs. A business is a CESQG if it meets all of the
- Generate less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) of hazardous waste in one calendar month
- Accumulate less than 100 kilograms (220 pounds) of hazardous waste at any one time
- Generate less than 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of acute hazardous waste in one calendar month
- Accumulate less than 1 kilogram (2.2 pounds) of acute hazardous waste at any one time
- Generate or accumulate less than 1 gram of dioxin (2,3,7,8-tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin) at any one time
You must register with the department as a hazardous waste generator if your business does not meet all of the above conditions.
Is a CESQG required to register as a hazardous waste generator?
There are no laws that require a CESQG to register as a hazardous waste generator. However, some hazardous waste facilities want their customers to have generator identification numbers. If you need a generator identification number, complete a Notification of Regulated Waste Activity e-form (E-Form MO 780-1164), available online at http://dnr.mo.gov/forms/780-1164-f.pdf Print and mail the completed form and $100 fee to the department. The $100 fee is required for new registrations and reactivating registrations. Registering as a generator does not cause you to have to follow any additional laws. It simply allows you to get a generator identification number.
How can a CESQG manage their hazardous waste?
According to federal law, CESQGs are allowed to dispose of their hazardous waste in an off-site permitted treatment, storage and disposal (TSD) facility, resource recovery facility, sanitary landfill or facility approved by the state. According to the Missouri Revised Statutes (RSMo), Chapter 260, Section 432.5 (260.432.5(2), RSMo.), Missouri sanitary landfills are not allowed to accept any but the very smallest amounts of hazardous waste. This ban affects CESQGs by requiring them to find alternatives to sanitary landfill disposal.
Whichever way you decide to manage your businesses’ hazardous waste, remember that Missouri law requires you to manage all wastes in a way that does not threaten human health or the environment or create a public nuisance. Preventing pollution through source reduction and recycling is a better management option than treatment or destruction technologies and land disposal. The management options described below are listed in order of the most desirable option first and the least desirable option last.
Option 1: Pollution Prevention
Pollution prevention is using materials or procedures that reduce or stop pollutants or wastes at the start of production. It includes practices that reduce the use of hazardous or nonhazardous materials, energy, water or other resources. It also includes activities that protect natural resources through conservation or by more efficient use.
Many pollution prevention activities are simple and low-cost, often resulting in large dollar savings. Contact the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032 for information on cost-effective ways to reduce the amount and toxicity of your waste.
Option 2: Waste Exchange
Waste exchanges put hazardous waste generators with usable wastes in touch with companies who might be able to use the waste as a raw material for their manufacturing or production process. Missouri participates in the Industrial Material Exchange Service. For more information, contact the Environmental Improvement and Energy Resources Authority (EIERA) at 573-751-4919 or visit them online at http://eiera.mo.gov/.
Option 3: Business and Trade Association Cooperative
Businesses might be able to reduce their transportation and disposal costs by making shared arrangements with other businesses in their area or asking for help from a trade association to which they belong. Possibilities include the following:
- Work with other CESQGs in the area to arrange a set schedule with a licensed hazardous waste transporter to pick up the hazardous wastes from all CESQGs in the group. Picking up more hazardous waste with fewer runs normally means lower costs for transportation and disposal
- If you belong to a business or trade association, ask if they could help arrange pick up and disposal based on an entire group being represented in the bid process.
- Talk to several hazardous waste transporters and TSD facilities about the most economical way to manage your waste, based on its type and frequency of production. If you are representing a group of potential CESQG customers, they may be encouraged to have transporter or transfer facility pick-ups and disposals or “at facility drop-off days.”
Option 4: Recycle
Recycling helps to preserve raw materials and reduce the amount of waste material disposed. Many recycling companies accept specific waste streams, such as solvents or used oils, to recycle at their facility. To make it easier to recycle hazardous waste, keep different types of hazardous wastes in separate containers. Separate non-hazardous waste from hazardous waste. Contact the department’s Permits Section at 573-751-3553, for the names of certified resource recovery facilities that recycle hazardous wastes from off-site facilities.
You may prefer to buy your own recycling equipment to use on-site, such as equipment for distilling contaminated solvents. This equipment may pay for itself over time by reducing the amount of new product you need to buy and lowering disposal costs by reducing the amount of waste requiring disposal. If you recycle on-site, you may have some residual waste that will require hazardous waste disposal.
CESQGs are not required to get a permit or certification to recycle wastes on-site, but you must notify the department’s Hazardous Waste Program in writing of your recycling activities. In the notification, you must list the following information:
- owner or operator
- name and location of the facility
- waste(s) being recovered
- method(s) of recovery
- approximate amount of waste recovered yearly
Contact the department’s Permits Section at 573-751-3553, for more information on resource recovery.
Option 5: Universal Waste Rule
The Universal Waste Rule became effective in Missouri on Jan. 31, 1999. If you choose to do so, you may manage your hazardous waste batteries, pesticides, mercury containing thermostats, mercury switches and mercury containing thermometers, manometers and fluorescent and incandescent lamps under this rule. The requirements of this rule are generally less stringent than the existing hazardous waste regulations. You can find more information about this rule in the fact sheet, The Universal Waste Rule in Missouri (Pub 2058). The fact sheet is available on the department’s Web site at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub2058.pdf or by calling the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032 or 1-800-361-4827.
Option 6: Publicly Owned Treatment Works System
If your business is located in an area serviced by a publicly owned treatment works (POTW) system for wastewater and sewage it may be legal to release certain hazardous wastes into the sanitary sewer system. Do not release any waste into the sanitary sewer system without the POTW’s permission. Contact local wastewater officials to discuss the type of waste stream, pretreatment requirements and local ordinances that may apply. Retain written documentation of permission to discharge the hazardous wastes into the sanitary sewer system. Many wastes cannot be released into a sanitary sewer system. Solvents, sludges and pesticides may not be suitable for release. Do not release any hazardous waste into a storm water drain or on-site domestic sewage treatment system.
Option 7: Hazardous Waste TSD Facility
If none of the previously mentioned options are possible, you will need to send your hazardous waste to a facility that can treat, store or dispose of hazardous waste. These facilities must have either a valid hazardous waste permit or interim status approval from the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency to do business as a hazardous waste TSD facility. Missouri facilities must have a valid permit or interim status approval from the department. A list of Missouri commercial TSD facilities is located in the fact sheet, Missouri Commercial Hazardous Waste Facilities (Pub968). The fact sheet is available on the department’s Web site at http://www.dnr.mo.gov/pubs/pub968.pdf or by calling the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032 or 1-800-361-4827. For a list of commercial TSD facilities in another state, contact the hazardous waste regulatory agency in that state.
Before you ship your waste, contact the facility to verify its current operating status and find out if it can accept your waste. If possible, visit the facility before shipping your waste to them. Learn about the facility’s treatment or disposal process and find out if the facility manages its waste properly. If a site visit is not possible, contact the appropriate state regulatory agency and ask about the facility’s compliance history and current regulatory status. Hazardous waste transporters can also be a valuable source of information on facilities currently accepting hazardous waste.
How should a CESQG transport their hazardous waste?
CESQGs may transport their own hazardous waste within Missouri. You are not required to use a manifest or a licensed hazardous waste transporter as long as you do not exceed the regulated amounts. You will need to follow U. S. Department of Transportation requirements (if applicable) for the wastes being shipped.
If you choose not to transport your own waste, you can get a list of Missouri licensed hazardous waste transporters. The list is available on the department’s Web site at www.dnr.mo.gov/env/hwp/enf/translist.htm or by calling the department’s Hazardous Waste Program at 573-751-2032 or 1-800-361-4827. Hazardous waste transporters may transport CESQG waste only to a facility permitted or certified to accept the waste. The transporter must keep records on the type, amount, source and character of each waste accepted from a CESQG.
How can I get copies of hazardous waste laws and regulations?
- Missouri Revised Statutes, including the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Law, are available through the Revisor of Statutes, 573-526-1288 or online through the Missouri General Assembly Web site at http://www.moga.mo.gov/.
- Missouri Code of State Regulations is available through the Missouri Secretary of State, 573-751-4015 or online at http://www.sos.mo.gov/adrules/csr/csr.asp.
- Code of Federal Regulations is available at federal depository libraries or online at http://www.gpo.gov/fdsys/browse/collectionCfr.action?collectionCode=CFR. To purchase a copy, contact a U.S. Government Bookstore, the U.S. Government Printing Office or from a commercial information service, such as the Bureau of National Affairs.
For More Information
Missouri Department of Natural Resources
Division of Environmental Quality
Hazardous Waste Program
Compliance and Enforcement Section
P.O. Box 176
Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176
1-800-361-4827 or 573-751-2032