Several process stages, involving an extremely large number of participants, are required to develop strategies, concepts and
ideas that ultimately form a vision the architect uses to formulate an integrated design. The design goal is based on sustainability.
Partnering is the most important factor in making a project successful. Partnering allows you to share and promote your "vision," cultivate allies, open dialogue and gain support and momentum.
Characteristics and Development
Revitalizing an inner-city redevelopment site; demolishing a former women’s prison while reusing, recycling or selling much
of the structure; taking advantage of the sun to daylight inner spaces; cutting energy costs; and decreasing the carbon footprint
of the building are just a few of the advantages of selecting a site atop bluffs overlooking the Missouri River.
Energy software modeling of the daylighting and heating, ventilating
and air conditioning systems (HVAC) estimates the new building
will save between $85,000 and $92,000 per year in energy costs.
The Lewis and Clark State Office Building's efficient systems
use 53 percent less energy than a typical building. It is expected
to use 46 percent less energy than other state office buildings
in Missouri. The estimated energy costs for this building are
$0.81 per square foot. The average energy costs for other state
office buildings in Missouri are $1.50 per square foot.
According to the Governor's Energy Policy Council, state agencies
and universities spend about $78 million annually on energy in
their facilities. By reducing this bill just 10 percent, Missouri
could save $7.8 million annually.
Officials at the department hope this building will encourage
the State of Missouri to incorporate elements of sustainable
design into new or current state office buildings as well. (State
of Missouri is waiting for the results of this building to push
sustainable design more.)
Building Systems Commisioning
Building commissioning is a quality-assurance process of ensuring that all the subsystems for HVAC, plumbing, electrical,
fire/life safety and security are operating as intended by the design architect and their subcontractors for new construction.
The commissioning process involves a synergy of pre-construction review of design documents, periodic site observations
during the construction phase and systems performance testing as the project nears completion.
Indoor Environmental Quality
The entire indoor environment impacts employee productivity, including indoor air quality, acoustics, lighting, ergonomics
and thermal comfort. The dynamics of integrating these elements within the building design must assure that they work in
conjunction with one another to eliminate the impediments to a productive work environment. Almost 25 percent of the
LEED® points earned for this building project encompass factors that were designed to assure good IEQ.
Careful attention was paid to the building’s proportion, its orientation and the design of the envelope of the building. The decision
to produce a building with an aspect ratio of 5.68:1 (71 feet by 403 feet) was based on a consensus recommendation by
the interdisciplinary design team. This aspect ratio maximized the daylighting potential while minimizing unwanted glare and
Reduce, Reuse and Recycle
The design team took every opportunity to develop plans and specifications that would achieve the mission-sensitive goals of
reducing waste, reusing materials, recycling waste and using as much recycled material in the construction as the budget
would allow. Specifications were developed for every aspect of reducing, reusing and recycling throughout the project to reflect
the commitment of the state to meet the core values of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources.
Opportunities exist that challenge normal everyday business practices and change paradigms when the normal business
model doesn’t fit a new set of criteria and vision. Securing Greenguard certification of systems furniture manufactured for the
Lewis and Clark State Office Building by the Missouri Department of Corrections, Missouri Vocational Enterprises, gave the
design team a distinct challenge. The challenge was successfully met in an atmosphere of teamwork and cooperation.
Employees discovered shortly after moving into the building, that birds were flying into the glass windows and being stunned
or killed. Inexpensive, specially designed decals were purchased and placed on the glass windows and doors. The decals disrupt
the line of site, allowing birds to distinguish between a reflection in the glass and the natural landscape surrounding the