Springs in Missouri

Missouri is blessed with an abundance of springs. The Missouri Ozarks comprises one of the nation’s greatest concentrations of springs.

Discharges of Large Springs in Missouri (gallons per day)

Name of Spring County Maximum Average
Big Carter 840,000,000 276,000,000
Greer Oregon 583,000,000 214,000,000
Double Ozark 150,000,000 100,000,000*
Bennett Dallas
**
100,000,000
Maramec Phelps 420,000,000 96,000,000
Blue Shannon 153,000,000 90,000,000*
Alley Shannon
**
81,000,000
Welch Shannon 214,000,000 75,000,000*
Boiling Pulaski 45,000,000 68,000,000*
Blue Oregon 65,000,000 61,000,000*
Montauk Dent 79,000,000 53,000,000*
Ha Ha Tonka Camden 123,000,000 48,000,000
North Fork Ozark 49,000,000  
Round Shannon 336,000,000 26,500,000
Hodgson Mill Ozark 29,000,000 24,000,000*

*Estimated
**Peak Flows affected by runoff upstream from spring, after heavy rains.
[Data Source:  Springs of Missouri (see below)  Dates of Record:  1900-1972]

Publications

Missouri - The Cave State, Fact Sheet  – PUB664 PDF

Missouri Springs, Fact Sheet  – PUB656 PDF

WR-29. Springs of Missouri, PDF 84.76 MB by Jerry D. Vineyard and Gerald L. Feder, with sections on fauna and flora by William L. Pflieger and Robert G. Lipscomb, 267 p., 94 figs., 26 tbls., 1974 (reprinted 1982). Describes and locates large springs of Missouri; includes rates of flow, and water composition and quality. Provides information on what makes springs work, pollution potential, historical use of springs, and flora and fauna found in and around them. 

WR-35. Hydrology of Carbonate Terrane  – Niangua, Osage Fork, and Grandglaize Basins, Missouri, PDF 51.31 MB by E.J. Harvey, John Skelton, and Don E. Miller, with section on Engineering Geology of Conns Creek Drainage System, by Thomas J. Dean, 132 p., 4 maps, 1983. Presents hydrologic data emphasizing distinguishing losing and gaining stream reaches and their relationship to groundwater movement.

WR-38. The Hydrogeology of the Bennett Spring Area, Laclede, Dallas, Webster, and Wright Counties, Missouri PDF 60.03 MB by James E. Vandike, 105 p., 44 fig., 26 tbl, 1992. A study to help better understand the hydrology of Bennett Spring, delineate the area providing its recharge, and study the surface-subsurface relationships in the area.

WR-40. Movement of Shallow Groundwater in the Perryville Karst Area, Southeastern Missouri PDF 24.46 MB , by James E. Vandike, 1985, 58 p., 23 figs., 3 tbls., (Previously Miscellaneous Publication Number 44).

WR-43. Hydrogeologic Investigation of the Fulbright Area, Greene County, Missouri PDF 26.35 MB , by James E. Vandike and L. Daniel Sherman, 1994, 114 p., 36 figs., 1 tbl., 1 app.

WR-55. The Hydrology of Maramec Spring PDF 10.58 MB , by James E. Vandike, 1997, 104 p., 33 figs, 8 tbls, 1 app.

WR-68. The Springs of Greene County, Missouri, by Loring Bullard, Watershed Committee of the Ozarks, Kenneth C. Thomson, Southwest Missouri State University and James E. Vandike, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, 120 p, 62 figs., 1 app. The Ozarks contains ones of the highest concentrations of springs in the world, and Greene County, in the southwestern Ozarks, has hundreds that flow all year (perennial). This book tells the history of the earliest white settlers and the springs they settled by in Greene County. Biology, geology and hydrogeology are all included in this report written by three authors about the Greene County springs.

Many of these publications are available in print and may be purchased online from the Missouri Geology Store, or by visiting the sales counter at 111 Fairgrounds Road, Rolla. The physical store is open weekdays from 8 a.m. - 5 p.m. and is closed state and federal holidays.

Additional publications about water resources in Missouri