Springs in Missouri

Missouri is blessed with an abundance of springs. The Missouri Ozarks comprises one of the nation’s greatest concentrations of springs. Truly they are one of Missouri’s most important assets.

Discharges of Large Springs in Missouri (gallons per day)

Name of Spring County Maximum Average
Big Carter 840,000,000 276,000,000
Greer Oregon 583,000,000 214,000,000
Double Ozark 150,000,000 100,000,000*
Bennett Dallas
Maramec Phelps 420,000,000 96,000,000
Blue Shannon 153,000,000 90,000,000*
Alley Shannon
Welch Shannon 214,000,000 75,000,000*
Boiling Pulaski 45,000,000 68,000,000*
Blue Oregon 65,000,000 61,000,000*
Montauk Dent 79,000,000 53,000,000*
Ha Ha Tonka Camden 123,000,000 48,000,000
North Fork Ozark 49,000,000  
Round Shannon 336,000,000 26,500,000
Hodgson Mill Ozark 29,000,000 24,000,000*

**Peak Flows affected by runoff upstream from spring, after heavy rains.
[Data Source:  Springs of Missouri (see below)  Dates of Record:  1900-1972]


Missouri - The Cave State, Fact Sheet--PUB664 (06/02)

Missouri Springs, Fact Sheet--PUB656

WR-29. Springs of Missouri, 84.76 MB by Jerry D. Vineyard and Gerald L. Feder, with sections on fauna and flora by William L. Pflieger and Robert G. Lipscomb, 267 p., 94 figs., 26 tbls., 1974 (reprinted 1982). Describes and locates large springs of Missouri; includes rates of flow, and water composition and quality. Provides information on what makes springs work, pollution potential, historical use of springs, and flora and fauna found in and around them. 

WR-35. Hydrology of Carbonate Terrane—Niangua, Osage Fork, and Grandglaize Basins, Missouri, 51.31 MB by E.J. Harvey, John Skelton, and Don E. Miller, with section on Engineering Geology of Conns Creek Drainage System, by Thomas J. Dean, 132 p., 4 maps, 1983. Presents hydrologic data emphasizing distinguishing losing and gaining stream reaches and their relationship to groundwater movement.

WR-38. The Hydrogeology of the Bennett Spring Area, Laclede, Dallas, Webster, and Wright Counties, Missouri 60.03 MB by James E. Vandike, 105 p., 44 fig., 26 tbl, 1992. A study to help better understand the hydrology of Bennet Spring, delineate the area providing its recharge, and study the surface-subsurface relationships in the area.

WR-40. Movement of Shallow Groundwater in the Perryville Karst Area, Southeastern Missouri 24.46 MB , by James E. Vandike, 1985, 58 p., 23 figs., 3 tbls., (Previously Miscellaneous Publication Number 44).

WR-43. Hydrogeologic Investigation of the Fulbright Area, Greene County, Missouri 26.35 MB , by James E. Vandike and L. Daniel Sherman, 1994, 114 p., 36 figs., 1 tbl., 1 app.

WR-55. The Hydrology of Maramec Spring 10.58 MB , by James E. Vandike, 1997, 104 p., 33 figs, 8 tbls, 1 app.

WR-68. The Springs of Greene County, Missouri, by Loring Bullard, Watershed Committee of the Ozarks, Kenneth C. Thomson, Southwest Missouri State University and James E. Vandike, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, 120 p, 62 figs., 1 app. The Ozarks contains ones of the highest concentrations of springs in the world, and Greene County, in the southwestern Ozarks, has hundreds that flow all year (perennial). This book tells the history of the earliest white settlers and the springs they settled by in Greene County. Biology, geology and hydrogeology are all included in this report written by three authors about the Greene County springs.

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To purchase any of the publications above, you may contact the Missouri Water Resources Center at 573-368-2175, or send an email to mowaters@dnr.mo.gov