Water Protection Program

Section 319 Project Examples

There were many successful 319 nonpoint source grant projects. The following projects are exceptional examples representing the major types of nonpoint source project activities.

You can also locate specific project information from the EPA Grants Reporting and Tracking System database through a Map Viewer or by browsing the database by selecting parameters of interest.

Information and Education Project:

Project Title: Our Watersheds, Our Homes: Building on the Watershed Atlas Concept
Sponsoring Organization: Bryant Watershed Project Inc.
Grant Number :G04-NPS-17

Photo of woods after a heavy snow.Our Watersheds, Our Homes builds on the successes of the original Bryant Watershed Atlas Project, by incorporating the community, particularly middle school students, into the process of expanding the Atlas to cover North Fork, Eleven Point and Upper Spring River Watersheds. With many pages of background information already in the Atlas, the project concentrates on a participatory creative process that builds watershed awareness through direct experience.

In 2004, the Department of Natural Resources awarded Bryant Watershed Project Inc. a subgrant for the Our Watersheds, Our Homes 319 Project in the amount of $155,918 with a minimum match of $107,209. This project is scheduled to end June 14, 2007.

A volunteer group called Team Watershed has been educated about water quality, stream habitats and dynamics, and NPS pollution. Team Watershed works with local schools on classroom projects and field trips. Volunteer driven, multidisciplinary education programs are offered to teachers in 20 school districts serving more than 15,000 students. An Educator Advisory Group assists in design of the educational programs, the selection and adaptation of curriculum materials and the evaluation of the programs.

In April 2006, Our Watersheds, Our Homes website was featured as part of a Captain Planet online contest (www.captainplanetfdn.org/). The contest encouraged children to learn about the nonpoint source pollution that may be affecting their watershed by visiting www.watersheds.org/earth/nps.htm.

Thorough and ongoing evaluations of both the process and products are utilized to fine-tune the programs. Community outreach raises awareness of watershed and NPS issues particularly relevant in these watersheds, while recognizing students for their work. The entire process is documented to provide other watershed groups with a guide to follow for their own education efforts. Ultimately, the Atlas will have explored a sustainable model for locally produced watershed education using technology as a tool.

Implementation Project

Project Title: James River Watershed 319 Project
Spnsoring Organization: James River Basin Partnership
Grant Number: G02-NPS-01

Flowing through the heart of the Ozarks, the James River is approximately 75 miles long. The James River watershed covers parts of seven counties and 931,000 acres. The James River is also a major tributary to Table Rock Lake, an economically important recreational lake. A major part of the James River is considered impaired due to excess nutrients.

In 2001, the James River Basin Partnership (JRBP) was awarded the James River Watershed 319 Project subgrant in the amount of $626,350 and with a minimum match of $46,100 provided by JRBP with the remaining match of $371,467 provided through state cost share programs from partnering Soil and Water Conservation Districts. The primary objectives of this project were to:

  1. Address nutrient problems in the watershed by installing best management practices (BMPs),
  2. Implement an information/education campaign throughout the watershed.

Water Quality Monitoring and Assessment Project

Project Title: Statewide Lake Assessment Project
Sponsoring Organization: University of Missouri – Columbia
Grant Numbers: G00-NPS-19 & G06-NPS-16

Most Missouri lakes are shallow artificial reservoirs built in the past 30 to 60 years, in valleys previously altered by agriculture (row crop and managed pasture), forest harvest and human settlement. The physical features of these lakes combined with the land use within their watersheds favor high concentrations of nutrients and phytoplankton, low water clarity and long periods of anoxia in deeper waters. Historic information shows that about 70 percent of Missouri reservoirs are eutrophic or hypereutrophic.

Previous data gathered from the statewide lake assessment shows that in many reservoirs’ water clarity is further reduced by high concentrations of suspended sediments delivered from nonpoint source erosion in the watershed and from disturbances of bottom sediments. Given these factors, in the typical Missouri lake, the water is often not clear enough to meet national guidelines for “safe” swimming, and high levels of algae and sediment increase the difficulty of potable water treatment. Plankton communities in these productive lakes are dominated by blue-green algae (Cyanobacteria), a group associated with water quality problems such as taste and odors, allergic reactions in swimmers, and toxin production. Continued monitoring of lake water resources for nutrients and suspended sediment is a key component of environmentally sound management.

The Statewide Lake Assessment Project collected water samples for six summers. Lake water samples and water quality data was collected from approximately 60 lakes throughout the state. Lakes were selected each spring. These lakes represent the full range of size, use, and geographical location in Missouri. Within a given season, 40 reservoirs are sampled that are considered of primary importance. This list includes the largest lakes, representative lakes from each physiographic region, and those used extensively for recreation (e.g., Little Dixie). Each lake is assessed annually, providing the state with a continuous monitoring of key resources.

Each spring an additional 20 to 25 lakes were selected from a secondary lake list. Secondary lakes were selected on the basis of their present water quality, sampling history (an effort is underway to gather at least 6 seasons of data from each lake in the study), emerging problems, and concerns expressed by state resource employees. This approach to annual sampling was developed with input from a statistician and provides flexibility in the annual sampling protocol, while being a cost-effective way to assess water quality in a large number of lakes and provide long-term data.

Assessment occurs from mid-May through mid-August, with each sampling circuit lasting three weeks (period required to collect one sample from each lake, about 20 per week). This schedule will be repeated four times so that water quality during the summer season is documented. Trained university students who work in the Department of Fisheries and Wildlife Sciences completes fieldwork. The field crew collects samples (composited from the lake surface as is standard practice in cross-system regional lake studies) and makes basic water quality measurements such as Secchi transparency, temperature and oxygen profiles. A laboratory crew processes all samples at the university’s limnology laboratory using standard research-level procedures. Parameters measured include total nitrogen, total phosphorus, algal chlorophyll, total suspended solids (measure of sediment), turbidity, conductivity and dissolved organic carbon.

  1. Determine the current water quality of Missouri’s lakes.
  2. Quantify the factors regulating water quality in Missouri’s lakes.
  3. Monitor for long-term changes in water quality in individual lakes.

Watershed Management Planning Project

At work icon.Currently under developement

Major Subgrants | Watershed Planning | Minigrants | Project Examples