Mercury is a naturally occurring element found in rocks, soil, air and water. For centuries, mercury's unique properties have made it an interesting and useful metal. However, mercury and mercury-containing devices are a potential hazard. A small amount of mercury spilled on porous materials like cloth, carpet or wood, or trapped in a floor's cracks and drains can expose everyone in the area for months or even years. Cleaning up mercury spills correctly is very important for the health and safety of children and adults.
Elemental or metallic mercury - is a shiny, silver-white metal and is liquid at room temperature. A cup of mercury weighs about 7 pounds, nearly 14 times heavier than a cup of water. It is used in thermometers, fluorescent light bulbs and some electrical switches. At room temperature, exposed elemental mercury can evaporate to become an invisible, odorless toxic vapor.
Organic mercury - is formed when mercury combines with carbon, such as methylmercury. Microscopic organisms convert inorganic mercury into methylmercury, which is the most common organic mercury compound found in the environment.
Inorganic mercury - takes the form of mercury salts and is generally white powder or crystals, with the exception of mercuric sulfide (cinnabar) which is red. Inorganic mercury compounds have been included in products such as fungicides, antiseptics or disinfectants.
The Missouri Department of Natural Resources and other state and federal agencies are working to prevent or reduce mercury releases to the environment. This website contains information on how to minimize mercury exposure and prevent mercury pollution. It identifies where mercury might be found in industrial, commercial and household settings, and lists safer alternatives to several mercury-containing products.
- Cleaning Up a Mercury Spill
- Mercury Can Affect Human Health
- Mercury in the Environment and Fish
- Mercury in Schools
- Mercury in Your Homes and Businesses
Additional Mercury Information
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency
- U.S. EPA Headquarters Information on Mercury
- U.S. EPA Region 7 Information on Mercury
- Before You Tear it Down, Get the Mercury Out - EPA fact sheet covering recommended management practices for pre-demolition removal of mercury-containing devices from residential buildings
- Mercury Alert for Plumbing, Heating and Cooling Contractors Association--EPA Region 7 fact sheet (05/08)
- Mercury Thermostats--EPA Region 7 fact sheet (05/08)
- Mercury Honeywell Heat Generators--EPA Region 7 fact sheet (05/08)
- Mercury Gas Regulators--EPA Region 7 fact sheet (05/08)
- Missouri Department of Health and Senior Services
- Missouri Department of Natural Resources' Missouri Resources magazine article
- General Information on Fish Advisories
- Mercury Waste Storage Providers