Hazardous Waste Program
EPA ID# MOD050226075
- Former Company Name: American Cyanamid Co.
- Type of Facility: Permitted Hazardous Waste Treatment, Storage and Disposal.
- Wastes Handled: Pesticide and herbicide waste (as specified in the Part A application).
- Treatment and Disposal Methods: Incineration.
- Location of hardcopies of hazardous waste permit application, Part I and Part II Permits, modification requests, reports, etc. and supporting documents:
Permit Application for Renewal: On Oct. 26, 1999, BASF Corp. submitted a permit application to the department and U.S. Environmental Protection Agency Region 7, to renew their existing Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit and Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit. The department is inviting the public to review and offer written comments on the permit renewal application while the department conducts a technical review of the permit application.
The public can review and copy the permit application and supporting documents at the Palmyra Bicentennial Public Library, 212 S. Main St., Palmyra (during normal business hours) or agency locations above. Comments on the permit application are more effective if they point out legal or technical issues. You may submit written comments online or send comments by mail to Nathan Kraus, Missouri Department of Natural Resources, Hazardous Waste Program, P.O. Box 176, Jefferson City, MO 65102-0176.
BASF Corp. operates an agricultural chemical manufacturing facility, known as the BASF Hannibal Plant, located at 3150 Highway JJ, between Palmyra, located approximately five miles southwest, and Hannibal, located approximately nine miles south. The facility occupies about 1,800 acres along the west bank of the Mississippi River, about 250 acres of which are used for active processing and manufacturing of agricultural chemicals and other plant operations. The remaining area is used for flood protection levees and agriculture.
The American Cyanamid Co., now known as Wyeth Holding Corp., purchased the property in 1965. Before 1965, the property was used for agricultural purposes. American Cyanamid manufactured fertilizer products, which included nitric acid, ammonium nitrate and di-calcium phosphate. In 1971, 12 acres in the north-central part of the facility were leased to Alpharma who manufactured animal feed intermediates. American Cyanamid began manufacturing insecticides and herbicides in 1977. BASF purchased the facility on July 1, 2000, and is the current owner and operator; however, Wyeth Holdings Corp. retains financial responsibility for certain historical environmental matters. Amvac purchased a BASF product line and currently operates at the BASF facility.
BASF currently manufactures agricultural chemicals including herbicides and insecticides at the Hannibal Plant. Commercial products manufactured at BASF include:
- ARSENAL® Herbicide (Imazapyr).
- ASSERT® Herbicide (Imazamethabenz).
- CADRE® Herbicide (Imazapic).
- PROWL® Herbicide (Pendimethalin).
- PURSUIT® Herbicide (Imazethapyr).
- RAPTOR® Herbicide (Imazamox).
- SCEPTER® Herbicide (Imazaquin).
- ALVERDE® Insecticide (Metaflumizone).
- COUNTER® Insecticide (Terbufos).
- PHANTOM® Insecticide (Chlorfenzpyr).
- THIMET® Insecticide (Phorate).
The main raw materials currently and previously used at the facility that are considered hazardous constituents include:
- Chlorobenzene or monochlorobenzene (CAS No. 108-90-7).
- Chloroform (CAS No. 67-66-3).
- Ethylene dichloride or 1,2-Dichloroethene (CAS No. 107-06-2).
- Methylene Chloride (CAS No. 75-09-2).
- Toluene (CAS No. 108-88-3).
- Naphthalene (CAS No. 91-20-3).
Corrective Action Status
BASF conducted a Phase I Resource Conservation and Recovery Act, or RCRA, Facility Investigation, from October through November 2003 and from September through March 2005. BASF conducted a Phase II RFI from July 2005 through May 2006. BASF discovered groundwater contamination at the site and identified five confirmed and four possible soil sources of contaminant release.
The groundwater contamination consists of 1,2-dichloroethane, 1,1-dichloroethylene, benzene, monochlorobenzene, tetrachloroethene, trichloroethylene, toluene and vinyl chloride. Long-term monitoring and treatment are being addressed in the Interim Measures and Corrective Measures Study Work Plans. A groundwater pump and treatment system is currently in operation at the site..
Hazardous Waste Permit Status
BASF is operating and conducting corrective action activities under two hazardous waste permits, one issued by the department and one issued by EPA. The department issued the Missouri Hazardous Waste Management Facility Part I Permit, effective April 25, 1990. EPA issued the Hazardous and Solid Waste Amendments Part II Permit, effective May 25, 1990. These permits allow BASF to store and incinerate both off-specification or expired product returned through their product stewardship program and waste created during the production processes. The regulated units consist of four hazardous waste incinerators and two hazardous waste container storage areas. These permits also require corrective action for releases of hazardous waste and hazardous constituents to the environment.
BASF submitted a permit application on Oct. 26, 1999, for renewal of their existing hazardous waste permits. BASF's existing Part I Permit expired April 25, 2000 and Part II Permit expired May 25, 2000. BASF replaced that application with a new application on March 4, 2003, and sent an amendment to the permit application on Jan. 29, 2010. State and federal regulations, 40 CFR 270.51, allow the existing hazardous waste permits to continue in effect until the department and EPA issue or deny new hazardous waste permits. The department determined the permit application was complete on May 5, 2010. The department is conducting a technical review of the permit application.